Gaza is the biggest “concentration camp” ever to exist

This is not Gaza, this is occupied Hebron. All of Palestine is occupied by the most disgusting aliens on the planet.

“Innocent people, most of them young, are slowly being poisoned by the water they drink.”

Norman Finklestein

First of all, as Amira Hass, the respected journalist from Haaretz, pointed out today in the newspaper, the blockade of Gaza, in its milder form, but still severe form, it goes back 27 years. It started in 1991 during the first intifada. The blockade was then significantly, qualitatively intensified after the Hamas won the parliamentary elections—what Jimmy Carter, who was an observer, called a completely and honest—completely honest and fair elections, in January 2006.

The immediate reaction of Israel, followed by the United States and then the EU, was to impose this brutal blockade on Gaza, which at a certain point even blockaded, prohibited chips, potato chips, baby chicks, chocolate from entering Gaza. And then, after Hamas preempted a coup, orchestrated by the United States, Israel and elements of the Palestinian Authority in 2007, Israel ratcheted up the blockade of Gaza.

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Palestinian children wait for donated food while Israel eats theirs.

Now, who is responsible for the current crisis in Gaza? First of all, we have to be clear about—OK, let me start with who’s responsible. As you are no doubt aware, there’s been a—there’s a proliferation of reports, from the World Bank, from various U.N. agencies, UNCTAD, the IMF.

They put out report after report after report after report. And there’s a complete—there’s a consensus. There’s a consensus that the proximate cause of the horror in Gaza, the proximate cause, is the Israeli blockade. It’s not Hamas. There might be some Hamas responsibility, but it’s so marginal, so minimal, as compared to that blockade.

Children caged by occupation forces swinging their guns in Hebron

Now, we have to be clear, and I don’t want to get too dramatic about it, too emotive about it, but we have to be clear about that blockade. Number one, it’s a flagrant violation of international law, because it constitutes a form of collective punishment. Number two, since 2012, the United Nations—and these are very staid, conservative bureaucrats, who don’t use—they don’t use poetic language.

They start, in 2012, by saying—issuing a report in the interrogative: Will Gaza be livable in 2020? In 2015, UNCTAD issued a report. It then used the declarative. It said, on its present trajectory, Gaza will be unlivable in 2020. Now, bear in mind, literally unlivable. These are U.N. reports by professional economists. By 2017, the U.N., Robert Piper, he said, “We were too optimistic. Gaza passed the unlivability threshold years ago. Gaza, as we speak, it’s unlivable.”

Now, what does that mean concretely? Ninety-seven percent of Gaza’s drinking water is contaminated. Now, bear in mind, of the 2 million people in Gaza, 1 million or more, 51 percent, are children. One million or more are children. Sara Roy, who’s the world’s leading authority on Gaza’s economy—she’s at the Harvard Center for Middle Eastern Studies—in the latest edition of her standard work on Gaza’s economy, she says, “Innocent people, most of them young, are slowly being poisoned by the water they drink.”

Now, Sara is a very respected, cautious economist, or political economist, as she calls herself. “Innocent people, most of them children, are slowly being poisoned.” That’s what Gaza is today.

Now, to get back to Nikki Keddie—Haley, excuse me—to get back to Nikki Haley, she said, “What country in the world would do anything different to protect their border?” Let’s be clear: That is not a border, and that is not a border fence. Baruch Kimmerling, the sociologist in Hebrew University, the late sociologist, he said Gaza is the biggest “concentration camp” ever to exist.

David Cameron, the conservative British prime minister, he said Gaza is an “open-air prison.” Haaretz, the most respected of Israel’s newspapers, referred to the “Palestinian ghetto.” Israel’s snipers are poised not on a border. They’re poised on the perimeter—call it a concentration camp, call it a ghetto, call it an open-air prison.

And the people of Gaza—it’s unusual in the world today. As the United Nations Relief and Works Agency pointed out, they said Gaza is different than all the other humanitarian crises. Why? If there is a natural disaster, like a drought, people move. If there’s a human-made disaster, like Syria, people move. Gaza is the only place on Earth where the place is unlivable and the people can’t move. They can’t leave. They’re trapped.

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And then that raises, for me, what’s the fundamental question. Even the human rights organizations which haven’t been bad, even they refer to Israel’s use of excessive force. They refer to Israel’s use of disproportionate force. Implicit in that language is, Israel has the right to use proportionate force. Israel has the right to use moderate force. In fact, leaving aside the legalities and the technicalities, let’s just look at the picture raw.

Israel doesn’t have the right to use any force. Two million people, half of whom are children, are trapped, caged in an unlivable space where they are, to quote Sara Roy, “slowly being poisoned.” Unless you believe that Israel has the right to poison 1 million children, it has no right to use any force against the people of Gaza. They have the right to break free from the cage Israel has created for them.

‘Burn them, shoot them, kill them’: Israelis cheer in Jerusalem as Palestinians shot in Gaza

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Palestinian Christians and Muslims call on faith communities to help end Israeli occupation

While the US officially and illegally transferred its embassy to Jerusalem, Israeli forces killed scores of demonstrators in Gaza

GAZA CITYThe contrast could not have been more jarring on Monday between Jerusalem and Gaza, even as a mere 75 kilometres separated the two.

As American and Israeli officials inaugurated the move of the US embassy to Jerusalem – an Israeli victory over the international community’s rejection of its claim to Jerusalem as its capital – Israeli forces gunned down Palestinian protesters in Gaza, the death toll rising inexorably throughout the day.

(Palestine)  = I love this pic and this boy it speaks volumes even without the words on it!! =

‘Friends, what a glorious day, remember this day. This is history. Mr Trump, by recognizing history, you made history’ – Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu exuberantly hailed the embassy move as a “historic” moment.

“Friends, what a glorious day, remember this day,” the Israeli leader said in a triumphant address on Monday. “This is history. Mr Trump, by recognising history, you made history.

“All of us are deeply moved and grateful. The embassy of the most powerful nation on earth, the United States of America, opened here.”

“People in Jerusalem celebrating the Embassy Move and people in Gaza trying to ruin that celebration.”- former Israeli army spokesman Peter Lerner

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Israel shoots 15 yr old Gaza child in the head.

Trump’s son-in-law and senior advisor Jared Kushner also gave a speech at the ceremony, during which he hailed US support for Israel, seemingly casting aside concerns about the Israeli army’s actions in Gaza occurring at the same time as his speech.

“We stand with Israel because we both believe in human rights, democracy worth defending, and believe that we know that it is the right thing to do,” Kushner said.

Meanwhile, just outside the new embassy, Palestinian demonstrators in Jerusalem were brutally repressed by Israeli forces.

MEE witnessed dozens of unarmed Palestinians beaten and arrested by Israeli security forces outside the embassy, eliciting cheers from Israeli demonstrators who came out to support the embassy’s opening.

‘Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine, and Trump and the USA cannot decide to give our land to Zionists’

– Samira Mohsen, 27, protester in Gaza City 

“Burn them”, “shoot them”, “kill them”, the Israelis chanted.

Meanwhile, former Israeli army spokesman Peter Lerner complained on social media, implying Palestinian deaths in Gaza were an attempt to rain on Israel’s parade.

My feed is a mixture of people in Jerusalem celebrating the #EmbassyMove and people in #Gaza trying to ruin that celebration.

— LTC (R) Peter Lerner (@LTCPeterLerner) May 14, 2018

But in Gaza, Palestinians expressed their deep anger and disbelief at the celebration occuring in Jerusalem as hundreds were indiscriminately shot by Israeli forces.

According to Gaza’s health ministry, fifty-eight Palestinians had been killed and 2,410 had been wounded by Israeli forces in the bloody culmination of the six-week “Great March of Return” in Gaza which had already claimed 49 lives before Monday.

In total, 101 Palestinians have been killed during demonstrations in Gaza since 30 March.

The scenes in Gaza in the zone close to the fence separating the small Palestinian enclave from Israel were ones of chaos and blood since the morning, with numerous demonstrators shot in the head, neck or chest.

A number of bodies were trapped close to the fence, army fire too heavy for ambulances to reach them.

“A lot of Palestinians died today for the sake of Palestinians peacefully protesting, and we won’t give up on the blood they shed,” Wadee Masri, 52, told Middle East Eye. “I came here to participate in the march, to prove that I am a person that has a right to return to my land.

Protester near the Gaza border on Monday (MEE/Mohammed al-Hajjar)

“Celebrations today in Jerusalem make me feel sad for what the US did against Palestinians,” he added. “There is no peace without Jerusalem. We will live and die fighting for Jerusalem.”

International groups decried the situation in Gaza as a “bloodbath”.

“The policy of Israeli authorities to fire irrespective of whether there is an immediate threat to life on Palestinian demonstrators in Gaza, caged in for a decade and under occupation for half a century, has resulted in a bloodbath that anyone could have foreseen,” Human Rights Watch said in a statement.

Jamal Zahalka, a political leader for Palestinian citizens of Israel, told MEE that Israel and the US bore responsibility for the violence in Gaza.

‘Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine, and Trump and the USA cannot decide to give our land to Zionists’

– Samira Mohsen, 27, protester in Gaza City 

“This is a violation of international law. Trump and the US are responsible for all the blood that has been shed since the US decision,” Zahalka said.

“Those who are celebrating today [the US embassy inaguration] have blood on their hands.”

But despite the trauma of the deadliest day in Gaza since the 2014 war, Samira Mohsen, a 27-year-old protester east of Gaza City, remained defiant despite the heavy toll of the day’s demonstrations.

“One day we will be celebrating in Jerusalem, we will pray there, no one will ban us,” she told MEE. “My dream is to see Jerusalem. Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine, and Trump and the USA cannot decide to give our land to Zionists.”

2018 Israel, as always, using illegal weapons on Palestinians, targeting school children

Israel, using illegal explosive bullets wounded 4,279 Gazans since March 30. Israel shoots 84 Palestinian school children in the neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis & legs — 7 are critical

After conducting medical examinations, it turned out that Israeli occupation forces used live explosive bullets and poisonous tear gas while quelling the peaceful marches of return. Most of the shots were in the neck, chest, abdomen and the pelvis. Many children had fractures in the limbs as well.

Gaza girl shot during the peace march.

‘Explosive bullets’ have been cited in state practice as weapons that violate this norm in some or all circumstances.

A trauma doctor treating the 750 severely injured Gazans in the Great March of Return massacre offers evidence that the IDF used exploding bullets to maximize the damage done.

After conducting medical examinations, it turned out that Israeli occupation forces used live explosive bullets and poisonous tear gas while quelling the peaceful marches of return. Most of the shots were in the neck, chest, abdomen and the pelvis. Many children had fractures in the limbs as well.

The prohibition of exploding bullets, under customary international law, on the use of means and methods of warfare which are of a nature to cause unnecessary suffering applies in international and non-international.

Abdul Rahman Noufal, a native of the Nuseirat during his participation in the peace march. His leg has been amputated.

Expansion, or hollow point, bullets are specialized bullets designed to deform upon impact because of a collapsible space within the projectile tip. The result is that a single projectile will inflict greater overall damage to a target, allowing an increased transfer of kinetic energy compared with a standard bullet. The “benefits” include a decreased risk of ricochet because the overall penetration distance is reduced; however, some of the older ammunition failed to expand on impact as a result of pieces of clothing obstructing the cavity.

Israel accuses the Syrian government of using chemical weapons against it’s citizens and recently attacks Syria targets killing Russians and Iranians who are in Syria legally. US-Israel has for decade after decade had a monopoly on chemical weapons use, and supply their proxies. They also routinely violate the airspace and borders of any country they wish, at will.  It’s not like there isn’t proof, what don’t people get about US-Israel?

Gaza

Vietnam

Gaza

Gaza

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Israel attack on Lebanon 2006: badly burnt body of young Lebanese girl with telltale signs of white phosphorous attack.

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The Gaza that has not sunk into the sea

The snipers lined themselves up on the hill and started to target the unarmed boys one by one. The scene looked like a hunting trip with automatic rifles, ending with the prey hitting the ground with bullets in their heads. Hundreds were injured in just a few hours, and about 20 lost their lives. None of the victims were armed, nor did they pose any danger to heavily-armed soldiers or the integrity of the border with Israel.

Soon after writing this, the IDF deleted its six-tweet thread.

The massacre was obviously premeditated; planned in advance by an Israeli leadership aiming to contain major peace — and peaceful — rallies, which the Palestinian refugees decided to organize throughout the weeks from 30 March onwards in order to ask for their legitimate rights.

The whole world witnessed what happened last Friday when tens of thousands of Palestinian refugees in the Gaza Strip declared their adherence to their rights and ownership of their original homes and land in the parts of Palestine that the Israeli occupation usurped in 1948. In Gaza, the refugee population of over 2 million people forms the majority; they live in both overcrowded and isolated areas. The UN has already declared that by 2020 the Strip will be “unlivable”, owing to the scarcity of resources and the lack of access to potable water and basic services.

There is no need for the world to devise complex solutions for a besieged area where most of the people are refugees. The practical option is easily available by enabling them to return to their homes, land and resources, from which they were ethnically-cleansed by Israeli forces during one of the cruelest military operations that the twentieth century witnessed. Since then, the Israeli authorities have refused to comply with UN resolutions, including General Assembly Resolution 194 of 1948, and they more or less ignore international laws and conventions, as well as the human rights and access to justice that they provide.

The Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip refuse to waive their rights and do not appear to be likely to do so under any circumstances. This steadfastness has pushed Israel’s leaders to wish mass destruction upon the people of Gaza, who are increasing in number before their eyes and insist on restoring their rights and pursuing popular uprisings. Israel’s desire was given voice by former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who wished that he could wake up one morning and find the Gaza Strip sinking into the sea. Rabin was assassinated by an Israeli fanatic, and Gaza has remained steadfast year after year.

Rabin’s wish was never fulfilled, but the Israeli leadership has worked quietly to plunge Gaza into darkness by cutting off electricity supplies for most of the day, every day; preventing medical supplies from entering the enclave, and preventing patients from travelling abroad. Gaza has been overwhelmed by economic and social troubles caused by the Israeli-led siege. It is clear that the UN prophecy about the Gaza Strip is going to be achieved if it has not reached that stage already.

To the amazement of many, though, the Palestinian people have not yet raised the white flag, nor have they renounced their rights. Rather, they have sent a clear message of defiance and determination to the Israeli occupation authorities and the rest of the world with the Great March of Return.

Every single one of those who took part in the march had his or her own story. Mohammed Ayyash, for example, is a boy in a family which hails originally from Jaffa. He took part in the march while using his own invention to protect him from the tear gas that the Israelis dropped on the crowds from drones flying overhead.

He had a look of defiance as he sat quietly, apparently indifferent to the gas swirling around him. The mask on his face contained some green onion. He was inspired by the experience of his father who, when he was his son’s age during the First Intifada, which erupted 30 years ago, used onions to reduce the harmful effects of tear gas.

That is how Palestinians resort to simple solutions made from the land that they cling to so as not to surrender in the face of Israel’s power, which harnesses the world’s most up-to-date technology and equipment to strengthen its occupation, aggression and intimidation. Generations of Palestinians have inherited and in turn passed on their experiences in challenging the occupation, regardless of the huge sacrifices that they have made for freedom in successive uprisings and acts of resistance, up to and including the “Great March of Return”.

If any ministers from the Netanyahu government happened to see the image of “the boy using onions” on the Gaza border, they might have to acknowledge that history is not yet over in Palestine and that they will face more troubles with this new Palestinian generation prepared to challenge Israel’s current hegemony. Those arrogant ministers may recall Rabin’s wish to wake up to find that Gaza has sunk into the sea. It hasn’t; it won’t; they might.

english.palinfo

US 5th Column Ambassador to the UN Defends Zionist Murderers in Gaza

The 5th column Bitch at work for a foreign nation.

 

 Scrapped Security Council draft urges investigation into IDF response, reaffirms ‘right to peaceful protest’
The United States on Saturday blocked a draft UN Security Council statement urging restraint and calling for an investigation of clashes on the Gaza-Israel border, diplomats said. [when one party is armed and shooting, and the other is not, can we call it a ‘clash’?]

“Council members called upon all sides to exercise restraint and prevent a further escalation,” the draft said. The proposed statement stressed the need to promote peace between Israel and the Palestinians based on a two-state solution.” [ But.. such peace plan dead in the water and officially does not exist!]

The Hamas ‘terror group’, for its part, expressed “regret” over the Security Council’s failure to issue a resolution condemning Israel. [Hamas terrorist Hamas terrorist Hamas terrorist]

New Israeli offensive on the besieged Gaza Strip is inevitable

During the last 51-day offensive, Israeli forces killed more than 2,260 Gazan, wounded more than 11,000 others.

Mar 27 2018

During a meeting with the new graduates of Yonatan, a pre-army preparatory programme, Brigadier General Itay Virov said: “Each passing day gets us farther away from the previous campaign, but closer to the next one. It’s only a matter of time.”

He added: “We paid a heavy price in ‘Operation Protective Edge’. You don’t have to be a great military man or an erstwhile intelligence operative to know that these fields will know the treads of our tanks, that infantrymen will run to the fence here and that the houses in Gaza not yet rehabilitated from the last campaign will suffer our wrath in the next one.”

According to Ynet News, he continued: “We’re standing here, 800 meters from the border fences and Gaza’s immense tunnel enterprises, and we’re still here—that’s victory.”

The Not So Hidden Hand of Israel

Context is necessary to understand what’s happening between the Zionist occupiers and Palestine. Actually everywhere Israhell goes. For example, 2 days before the Israelis claimed that they were attacked by Hezbollah in 2006, the Israelis had violated Lebanon airspace and dropped bombs. This was not a part of the Israeli timeline and narrative and was not in mainstream news but in the news in Lebanon. I cite this one only because I happened to read it when it was reported. I had learned since that is it the routine for all Israel conflicts. The story starts when Israel wants it to start and the media takes it like they tell it,  just like the Holocaust. Everything that comes out of Israel is a lie! And the hidden European Zionists attached to it.

March 18, 2018
Israeli Air Force strikes Hamas terror target in Gaza Strip
“The attack was carried out “in response to the placement of explosive devices on the border fence. The “IDF” will continue to act using all tools (at US taxpayers expense) at its disposal (that’s the money for our children’s education!) in order to provide security for the citizens of Israel,” said the “IDF” . Hamas is responsible for everything that occurs or comes from the Gaza Strip.”

5 days before:

March 13, 2018

The hand of Israel is not being ruled out as Hamas announces an inquiry into an explosion that targeted the convoy of the West Bank-based Palestinian prime minister during a visit to the Gaza Strip.

Tuesday’s blast injured several security guards of Rami Hamdallah but left him unharmed during a visit to the Hamas-run territory to open a public-works facility there.

The explosion happened shortly after Hamdallah’s convoy passed through the Israeli-controlled Erez checkpoint, known to Palestinians as Beit Hanoun, in northern Gaza, an Al Jazeera correspondent at the scene reported.

Sources told Al Jazeera that Hamdallah and Ismail Haniya, senior political leader of Hamas, spoke by phone later in the day and agreed that Israel was behind the explosion because it appeared to be the incident’s main beneficiary.

Israel carries out a military operation every few years

Israel on display through it’s own movies: This is the daily situation in Gaza until Israel invents the pretext or a false flag event (killing it’s  own citizens)and brings out it’s most advanced weapons and soldiers for a weapons sales display.

“There is something wrong with a regime that requires a pyramid of corpses every few years”.-George Orwell

Peaceful times? Sales plummet

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12-year-old Palestinian boy Muhammad al-Durrah is shot to death in his father’s arms by Israeli troops On September 30, 2000

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Since 2000 Israel has had some form of military operation lasting a few weeks every few years: Defensive Shield (in the West Bank) in 2002; the Second Lebanon War in 2006; Cast Lead in 2008-09; and Pillar of Defense in 2012. In almost every case, new military technology or weapons were used – which had a positive effect on overseas sales.

The numbers show that, after the initial period of criticism against Israel after the various operations quiet down, sales pick up. And there has been continuous growth in defense exports in recent years. In 2002, such exports were worth $2 billion, grew to $3.4 billion in 2006, and were $6 billion in 2012. In 2013, the three largest defense contractors all showed increases in sales: Elbit had annual revenues of $3 billion; IAI $2.65 billion; and Rafael $2 billion. At 15%, Rafaels sales showed the highest growth rate.

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The local defense industries provide jobs – directly and indirectly – for some 150,000 people in Israel. About 1,000 firms are registered with the Defense Ministry as arms suppliers, and 680 have export licenses. Some 320 marketers around the world are registered with the ministry, people who are located overseas and sell the wares supplied by Israeli defense firms.

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Daily life

The ministry refuses to reveal the overall figures on Israeli arms exports, but some of the data was revealed last year after a human-rights activist filed a suit here. It transpired that $3.83 billion-worth of deals were signed in 2012 with Asian countries; $1.73 billion with European nations; $1.1 billion with Canada and the United States; $604 million with Latin America; and $107 million in Africa.

Israel admitted to sales with only five countries – the United States, Spain, Britain, South Korea and Kenya – but Haaretz has found there were deals with at least 33 more countries, including many in the Third World.

During the last two Israeli wars on Gaza, “Operation Cast Lead” in 2009 and “Operation Protective Edge” in 2014, Israel used its full military force and weapons of questionable legitimacy.

“We were promised that we would have the clearance from Israelis and the road would be cleared. Neither happened.”

In the words of David Halpin, a retired British surgeon and trauma specialist, Gaza was “used as a laboratory for testing what I call weapons from hell”. These included shells containing white phosphorus and dense inert metal explosives (Dime).

Many reports confirm Israel has used shells containing white phosphorus, known as WP. It is regulated under Protocol III of the Convention of Certain Weapons (CCW), part of the Geneva Convention, for use as a smokescreen, but not as a direct weapon against civilians or military targets close to civilians.

Most cases reported of individuals affected by WP in Gaza were civilians.

WP sticks to the skin and causes severe burns. It eats bones and muscles and damages vital organs.

Recent research in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, shows that teratogens found in WP were present in the hair of “newborns with congenital birth defects or developmentally premature birth in a cohort of couples with documented parental exposure to military attacks”.

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1978- A family flees Beirut in the trunk of a car following bombardment by the Israeli Air Force

The Israeli forces say they have not used WP on civilians, or for any purpose other than illumination or screening.

Dime attacks

The Israeli military has also been accused of using Dime weapons in Gaza since 2006. This style of explosive was developed by the US army to have a maximum blast effect with a minimal blast radius.

Dime weapons operate at extremely high temperatures and can burn through body tissue. They also use tungsten, which is carcinogenic. Therefore, if civilians are not killed instantly by the explosion or later from their wounds, they can still die years later from exposure to tungsten.

According to Electronic intifada, Mads Gilbert, a Norwegian doctor, reported that during Operation Cast Lead: “There were a large number of patients with horrendous injuries. Limbs had been cut off as if a huge axe had chopped through them with immense force, cutting through skin, muscles and bones. Bones would be shattered and severed.”

Dime munitions, however, are new, and not covered by the CCW. The first step would be bring them under this convention.

For WP which is covered by the CCW the only option is to prohibit it, to stop it causing further suffering.

The international community is obliged to make sure rules are respected, and to stop countries like Israel treating others as laboratories for weapons experiments.

Global Palestine, where are the Palestinians?

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Good news for Palestinians? Well, where are they?

Saudi Arabia, Egypt set up $10B fund for planned mega-city in Sinai. How about dropping some of that now into Palestine? They are dying! Or, is that the point?

Israel reduces Gaza’s fishing area, kills the fishermen

Israhell, monsters of land, sea and air.

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Jaffa was the epicenter of the Palestinian economy before the Zionist invasion. Zionist military forces displaced 95 percent of Jaffa’s indigenous Arab Palestinian population.

Jaffa oranges for export

Boxed Jaffa oranges being loaded for export, early 1920’s. Jaffa oranges were Palestine’s leading export. After 1948, Jaffa’s nationalized orange groves and the established markets for their products provided the major source of income for the new Zionist occupiers.

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Jaffa Harbor, Palestine: Palestinian refugees flee Jaffa by boat for Gaza, Apr-May 1948. By the time Jaffa finally fell on 13 May 1948, fewer than 4,000 of its 70,000 residents remained.

“Since 1996, following the signing of the Oslo accords by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, Israel restricted Gaza fishers to 20 nautical miles off the coast. That was eventually reduced to 12 miles, then six and now to just three.”

Ismail Abu Riyala was hit by a bullet to the head

Being a fisher in Gaza is one of the world’s most dangerous occupations.

Ismail Abu Riyala

Since 1996, following the signing of the Oslo accords by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, Israel restricted Gaza fishers to 20 nautical miles off the coast. That was eventually reduced to 12 miles, then six and now to just three.

Israel has periodically banned Palestinians from going to sea entirely, according to Al Mezan.

Israeli forces routinely fire on fishing boats, damaging the vessels and injuring and sometimes killing crew members. Fishers are frequently arrested.

1,300 violations

Since the year 2000, Al Mezan has documented nearly 1,300 Israeli violations against Palestinian fishers in Gaza.

These include some 1,200 incidents of shooting at fishing boats, causing the death of eight fishers and the injury of 134.

Israel has arrested more than 650 fishers and seized more than 200 boats and destroyed vessels and equipment, such as nets and lights, in more than 100 cases, according to Al Mezan.

Palestinian fishers in Gaza have also come under fire by the Egyptian navy. Abdullah Zeidan, 32, was killed by Egyptian forces while fishing along Gaza’s southern border in January.

Fishers, whose trade has long been part of Gaza’s culture and economy, have become one of the poorest groups in the territory, requiring sustained humanitarian aid, according to Al Mezan.

Of the 3,800 fishers registered with the Palestinian Fishermen’s Syndicate, only around half of them still practice the profession.

Yet more than 35,000 Palestinians in Gaza “still depend on this industry for their livelihoods,” according to the United Nations humanitarian monitoring group OCHA.

Fish caught off of Gaza’s coastal waters is a major source nutrition for Palestinians in the territory, though one that fewer and fewer can afford. After more than a decade of Israeli blockade, half of Gaza’s population of two million is moderately to severely food insecure.