Israel – the imperialist outpost in the Middle East

Zionist expulsions, dispossessions and killings of the indigenous people of Palestine continue right up until this very day. The Nakba then, not only has a continuous, decades-long history, but it has a future for as long as Zionism endures.

Annexation has revealed that the notion that there is a spectrum of Zionism (from left to right or moderate to extreme) is in practice a myth, or at best wishful thinking.

This is how Palestinians describe the expulsion of 850,000 Palestinians from their homes by Israeli forces in 1948.

This horror lies at the foundation of Israel. And it flows from the nature of the Israeli state.

Israel’s supporters portray it as a progressive, democratic safe haven that helps Jews escape antisemitism. In reality it is a violent, racist state that exists to serve imperialism.

Hitler’s words prove true. Sorry.

The Zionist movement, which argued for a separate Jewish homeland, emerged at the end of the 19th century in response to horrendous antisemitism across Europe.

Eventually Zionists decided on Palestine as the place for the new Jewish state. But an Arab population already lived there.

So Zionist leaders needed support from the great powers. And they made clear that they would act as imperialist lapdogs in return.

israelis conform to Hitler’s prediction

This was attractive to Western rulers, who wanted a friendly regime in the Middle East to help protect their interests. The Zionists first won backing from Britain.

They promised the British government that their settlements in Palestine could help consolidate Britain’s empire. Britain took control of Palestine in 1918 and more Jews moved there.

Zionism grew stronger after the Holocaust, as more people despaired about the possibility of overcoming antisemitism.

After the Second World War, the United Nations partitioned Palestine. It gave 56 percent to Zionist settlers, who made up just a third of the population.

Nakba

This wasn’t enough for the Zionists—who then launched the Nakba. The new Israeli state grabbed 80 percent of Palestine by 1949, driving Palestinians to the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Later, Israel proved its worth to the US. In 1967 it beat Egypt, Syria and Jordan in the Six Day War. This dealt a blow to the Arab nationalism of Egypt’s Gamal Abdul Nasser, which posed a threat to US influence in the region.

The US dramatically increased aid to Israel following the war. It has continued to fund, arm and back Israel ever since—last year it paid the terror state £2.8 billion. Between 1946 and 2016 it handed over almost £100 billion.

Israel today acts as a watchdog for the US in the Middle East. Though its vicious attacks sometimes cause concern for the US it remains a key ally.

Donald Trump’s decision to move the US embassy to Jerusalem has encouraged Israel’s murderous violence this week.

The massacres this week are another reason to protest against Trump when he comes to Britain on 13 July.

Israel acts in the interests of its imperial sponsors and relies on racist violence to survive. It can’t be compromised with.

The only solution to the horror in Palestine is one democratic, secular state where [REAL]Jews and Arabs live side by side.

SOURCE

For Palestinian journalists, violent attacks by occupation forces come with the job

Violations against reporters, including physical assaults and arrests, have increased in recent months, especially in occupied Jerusalem

“I am frequently asked if I have visited Israel, whereas yet, it is simply assumed that I have. Well, I don’t travel. I really don’t, and if I did, I probably wouldn’t visit Israel.
I remember how it was in 1948 when Israel was being established and all my Jewish friends were ecstatic, I was not. I said: what are we doing?
We are establishing ourselves in a ghetto, in a small corner of a vast Muslim sea.
The Muslims will never forget nor forgive, and Israel, as long as it exists, will be embattled.
I was laughed at, but I was right. I can’t help but feel that the Jews didn’t really have the right to appropriate a territory only because 2000 years ago, people they consider their ancestors, were living there. History moves on and you can’t really turn it back. (#92 ff.)”
Isaac Asimov
1- #NOT A #REAL #JEW : THE MOMENT YOU FIND OUT THAT YOU ARE NOT A ...

Occupied Jerusalem

Cornered and afraid, 23-year-old Palestinian journalist Sondus Ewies spoke nervously to a group of Israeli officers who gathered around her while she was filming at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound last month.

“I didn’t do anything. I was just filming and doing my job,” she recalled telling them.

Ewies took out her international press card, hoping to avoid detention, but she was met with a cold shrug by an officer who replied: “This is a false card which we do not recognise.”

Israeli officers detained Ewies and confiscated her personal phone. She was then taken in for questioning and handed a three-month ban on visiting the mosque compound, located in occupied East Jerusalem.

This was not her first run-in with Israeli authorities. Ewies has been stopped multiple times while on air and has also been beaten while she was covering various protests. 

She told Middle East Eye that she was more afraid of the temporary ban than the actual detention.

Ewies lives in the Palestinian neighbourhood of Ras al-Amoud, just south of the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, making the latter a central part of her journalistic work. She said she was counting down the hours to enter the mosque compound after it was closed for two months due to the coronavirus pandemic

Many Palestinian journalists face arrest and temporary bans from the compound on the grounds that they had filmed settler incursions there or Israeli forces assaulting worshippers.

In 2016, Israeli authorities drew up blacklists containing names of Palestinians, including journalists, prohibited from entering the compound. 

Since the beginning of June, Israeli authorities have issued around 10 summons to journalists and photographers for interrogation due to their coverage of political events. 

Ban on Palestinian news organizations

Ewies is one of many journalists who have endured harassment by Israeli forces while on duty.

Well-known local reporter Christine Rinawi, 31, had been working at Palestine TV, a station operating under the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) public Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation, for 10 years when she was detained in December 2019.

The month before, then-Israeli public security minister Gilad Erdan had issued a decision to close down the offices of Palestine TV for six months, claiming that its operation was a violation of the Oslo Accords, which banned the PA’s presence in Israeli-occupied East Jerusalem. The order was renewed in May 2020. 

Immediately after the closure, the station’s staff in Jerusalem decided to challenge the decision and carry on with their work.

‘The officer told me … “You are forbidden from working in Jerusalem, whether in the street, underground or next to the bathroom or salon”‘

– Christine Rinawi, reporter

During the third episode of a live broadcast program in December, Israeli forces detained presenter Dana Abu Shamsia and cameraman Amir Abed Rabbo. Rinawi and another cameraman, Ali Yassin, were also detained shortly afterwards and taken to an interrogation center. 

For Rinawi, the closure of Palestine TV was part and parcel of Israel’s restrictions on the Palestinian media’s documentation of Israeli abuses.

“They tried to assault us and they treated us like criminals,” she told MEE.

“The officer told me: ‘go work in Bethlehem or Ramallah. You are forbidden from working in Jerusalem, whether in the street, underground or next to the bathroom or salon’.” 

During the course of Palestine TV’s initial six-month closure, Israeli intelligence summoned Rinawi five times for questioning.

Palestine TV is not the only Palestinian news outlet to be banned in Jerusalem by Israeli authorities. In recent years, Al Quds, Palestine Today, Qpress and the Elia Youth Media Foundation were all targeted with bans.

Over the years, Rinawi has suffered assaults as she performed her job. In 2019, she was pushed and shoved by Israeli soldiers during a live broadcast, which was interrupted four times. \

In 2015, shrapnel from a sound bomb hit her eye as she covered the situation at the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

A year earlier, she and her cameraman were shot with rubber-coated bullets while they reported the events that unfolded after the kidnapping and killing of Palestinian teenager Mohammed Abu Khdeir.

More dangerous than weapons

Ata Owaisat, 50, from the town of Jabal al-Mukaber in Jerusalem, began his career as a photojournalist 19 years ago. He worked with the Associated Press news agency and Israeli news organisation Yedioth Ahronot. 

He said that he has lost count of the number of times Israeli soldiers had broken his camera equipment.

“One of them told me word for word that ‘your camera is more dangerous than weapons’,” he told MEE.

“I have been beaten and humiliated while doing my work, faced obstructions and was questioned, strip-searched, interrogated and banned from Al-Aqsa”. 

After he was hit, Owaisat momentarily lost consciousness but was soon awakened to kicks and insults before losing consciousness again (MEE/Juman Abu Arafeh)
After he was hit, Owaisat momentarily lost consciousness but was soon awakened to kicks and insults before blacking out again (MEE/Juman Abu Arafeh)

Owaisat’s journalistic career was abruptly brought to an end in 2013, when he suffered a severe injury and ensuing psychological trauma, including PTSD. He said he finds it difficult to talk about that day.

On 8 March 2013, Owaisat picked up his camera and went to cover clashes at Al-Aqsa, where Israeli forces were firing stun grenades and rubber-coated metal bullets at Palestinians protesting against Israeli violations in the compound.

Owaisat was hit in the mouth by a metal object he couldn’t identify, which caused severe bleeding.

“I lost part of my teeth, upper lip and my face was deformed,” he recalled.

After he was hit, Owaisat momentarily lost consciousness but was soon awakened to kicks and insults before losing consciousness again.

Ambulance crews transferred him to the hospital. 

“I saw death with my own eyes,” he said.

Afterwards, Owaisat faced many difficulties with eating, speaking and even smiling. He underwent multiple operations to restore his face and teeth.

He also stopped working for a year, after which he received a medical report detailing the psychological trauma preventing him from resuming his work.

Widespread restrictions

Along with journalists in Jerusalem, Palestinians across the occupied West Bank and the besieged Gaza Strip also face a plethora of violations.

The Palestinian Centre for Development and Media Freedoms (Mada) reported 18 such violations during the month of May, including physical attacks, arrests and the closure of offices across the Palestinian territories. 

US police departments under pressure to end training programmes with Israel

Read More »

A recent report by the Palestinian Journalists Syndicate Freedoms Committee also found that Israeli authorities carried out 760 violations in 2019. 

Nasser Abu Bakr, the president of the syndicate, commented on the issue, saying that Israel focuses its restrictions and obstruction of journalists in Jerusalem, which it considers its capital. 

He added that such incidents have increased in recent months, leading the syndicate to alert the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) to the high number of infractions against journalists in Jerusalem and have called on it to intervene.

Abu Bakr told MEE that a delegation from the IFJ had demanded that the Israeli government stop its violations and recognise the international press card, to no avail.

“We provide support as much as we can. We have a meeting at the union next week, and the reality of journalists in Jerusalem will be the first on our agenda,”  he said.

Gaza is a one-way ticket

Palestine refugees are defined as “persons whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948, and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict.”

Hamas participated in the Palestinian legislative elections for the first time in 2006 and won. Therefore, Hamas was “legally and democratically elected” for the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC).

These electoral process took place under presence of international observers supplied by the European Union (EU).

Last year, [2019] Prime Minister Netanyahu took unprecedented steps to ban members of the United States Congress from entering the country.

That move came on the heels of an increase in demolitions of Palestinian homes in the West Bank and ongoing detention of Palestinian children.

After Hamas’ election, Israel imposed a land, air and sea blockade on the strip, which human-rights organizations say has stifled the economy and had devastating effects on life in Gaza.

An estimated 80% of the 1.3 million Palestinian refugees in Gaza rely on aid and over half a million live in refugee camps.

Between 1948 and 1966 — just months before the 1967 occupation began — Israel employed a military government to rule over the tens of thousands of Palestinians who had remained inside the newly-

established state.
Even though they were granted Israeli citizenship, these communities were placed under curfew and could only travel by permit.

The Invading Zionists left the Palestinians homeless and destitute dependent on foreign aid

Israel’s permit regime and separation policy are thus far from a unique invention; “It’s a very colonial and imperial way to subdue populations,” explains Berda.

Still, she adds, Israel has taken that colonial repertoire “to an extreme, because it is the most sophisticated population management system in the world right now.”

For Baconi, annexation cannot be understood separately from the Gaza blockade, which in turn cannot be disconnected from the practices affecting Palestinian refugees and citizens of Israel.

“These are all policies aimed at ensuring the least number of Palestinians are in the land, the most land is controlled by the Israelis, and that there’s a framework put in place to ensure a Jewish supremacist state,” he says.

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Holocaust survivors compare Zionist policies to those of the Nazis

“The Zionist movement of Europe played a very important role in the mass extermination of Jews. Indeed, I believe that without the cooperation of Zionists it would have been a much more difficult task….

[The Zionists] said that we are not Czechoslovaks or we are not Germans, we are not French, we are Jews and we must, as Jews, go back to our country, to Israel or to Palestine and found our state …

Then came the Nuremberg Law, which was a law, issued by a nominally civilized state [Nazi Germany], which said that Jews do not belong to Europe, but to Palestine. …

So, on one platform, Nazism and Zionism had something in common: they both preached that Jews don’t belong to Europe but to Palestine. …

And naturally, the Germans said: ‘You see the Jews may not trust us but they will trust you’, to the Zionists, ‘because they have seen that they have always told them actually the truth: that you belong to Palestine, that you are a foreign element here.’ … 

And so the Jewish councils were preferably selected from well-known Zionists. And, because the well-known Zionists became respectable, many Jews who were respectable anyway became Zionists.

So they formed Jewish councils from a Zionist core, fortified by respectable members of society: top lawyers, top business people, top economists and that was the Jewish councils. …

They were promised by the Germans or by the local fascist government to be protected from any discrimination because they are needed for administering of the Jewish affairs. …

So you had here already a Zionist clique enforced by money of big Jewish businessmen who would be prepared to go along with the discrimination against the masses of the Jewish population which were neither rich nor Zionist, and in other words did not belong to the clique. …

One or two masterminds?

So I didn’t trust them in spite of the fact that the Nazis gave them the right after the Nuremberg Laws.

I considered them plain fascists and I considered them from the very start as despicable creatures who deal with the fascists and take profit out of it in order to be exempted from discrimination conducted against the others. …

So I didn’t trust the Nazis any more or any less than the Jewish Zionist councils.

Indeed, I realized that the Zionists and the Nazis are approximately identical enemies of mine who have got both one thing in common, to get me out from home with 25 kilos to an unknown place and to leave my mother completely defenseless at home. …

The young people, the core of resistance, is always 16 to 30. Every soldier knows that they are the best material for fighting. … I was flabbergasted by the fact that the Zionists who pretended to be the protectors of the Jews, the first thing which they agreed to was to let go away a potential core of resistance who could in the last resort protect the families with force if necessary. …

Dr. Rudolph Vrba,Oral history interview with Rudolf Vrba’ , World at War TV Series, 1972, 1st section, extracts from 32 to 45mins.*

Billy Wilder, Hollywood Jewish director on location accidentally steps in while the cameras were rolling.

I as a Holocaust survivor cannot live with the fact that the State of Israel is imprisoning an entire people behind fences. …  It’s just immoral.

What happened to me in the Holocaust wakes me up every night and I hope we don’t do the same thing to our neighbours. … [I compare] what I went through during the Holocaust to what the besieged Palestinian children are going through.

Reuben Moscovitz, ‘Jewish Gaza-bound Activists: IDF Used Excessive Force in Naval Raid’, Haaretz, 28/9/10. Reuben Moscovitz was survivor of the Holocaust in Romania*

“Sometime after [1956] I heard a news item about Israelis herding Palestinians into settlement camps.

I just could not believe this. Weren’t the Israelis also Jews?

Hadn’t we – they – just survived the greatest pogrom of our history? Weren’t [concentration] camps – often euphemistically called ‘settlement camps’ by the Nazis – the main feature of this pogrom?

Zionist terrorist soldiers have freedom of movement, they go into Gaza and shoot children for sport with no repercussions. The civilians get caught off guard and have nowhere to run.

How could Jews in any measure do unto others what had been done to them? How could these Israeli Jews oppress and imprison other people? In my romantic imagination, the Jews in Israel were socialists and people who knew right from wrong.

This was clearly incorrect. I felt let down, as if I was being robbed of a part of what I had thought was my heritage. …

I have to say to the Israeli government, which claims to speak in the name of all Jews, that it is not speaking in my name.

I will not remain silent in the face of the attempted annihilation of the Palestinians; the sale of arms to repressive regimes around the world; the attempt to stifle criticism of Israel in the media worldwide; or the twisting of the knife labelled ‘guilt’ in order to gain economic concessions from Western countries.

Of course, Israel’s geo-political position has a greater bearing on this, at the moment. I will not allow the confounding of the terms ‘anti-Semitic’ and ‘anti-Zionist’ to go unchallenged.”

Dr. Marika Sherwood, ‘How I became an anti-Israel Jew’, Middle East Monitor, 7/3/18.

Marika Sherwood is a survivor of the Budapest ghetto.*

Top 30 Schindler's List GIFs | Find the best GIF on Gfycat

Spielberg has a talent of projecting Zionism onto Nazism. This is occupied Palestine today.

“I am pained by the parallels I observe between my experiences in Germany prior to 1939 and those suffered by Palestinians today.

I cannot help but hear echoes of the Nazi mythos of ‘blood and soil’ in the rhetoric of settler fundamentalism which claims a sacred right to all the lands of biblical Judea and Samaria.

The various forms of collective punishment visited upon the Palestinian people – coerced ghettoization behind a ‘security wall’; the bulldozing of homes and destruction of fields; the bombing of schools, mosques, and government buildings; an economic blockade that deprives people of the water, food, medicine, education and the basic necessities for dignified survival – force me to recall the deprivations and humiliations that I experienced in my youth.

This century-long process of oppression means unimaginable suffering for Palestinians.” 

Dr. Hajo Meyer, ‘An Ethical Tradition Betrayed’, Huffington Post, 27/1/10.

Hajo Meyer was a survivor of Auschwitz.

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Another Zionist Armed Incursion and Murder in a Refugee Camp

Zionist excuses for murdering Palestinians never comes with evidence…just they’re say so. The trigger words are ‘Hamas’ and ‘knife and we go “ooh ok”. Of course they’ve been killing Palestinians long before Hamas ever existed but who thinks of that.

This policy enables the lethal, unlawful and immoral shooting of Palestinians to continue unchecked, as no one is held accountable – whether it is the soldiers, their commanders, those who formulate the directives or the officials who cover up the acts.

On Wednesday morning, 13 May 2020, at around 5:30 A.M., a commercial van bearing Palestinian license plates drove into the Beit Jibrin neighborhood in the eastern section of al-Fawar Refugee Camp, south of Hebron.

About ten soldiers got out, and some of them took up positions on rooftops while others walked through the neighborhood.

On Wednesday morning, 13 May 2020, at around 5:30 A.M., a commercial van bearing Palestinian license plates drove into the Beit Jibrin neighborhood in the eastern section of al-Fawar Refugee Camp, south of Hebron.

About ten soldiers got out, and some of them took up positions on rooftops while others walked through the neighborhood.

Qaysiyah’s uncle, ‘Aziz al-Fayumi (33), went up to the roof shortly before Zeid was shot. In a testimony he gave B’Tselem field researcher Musa Abu Hashhash on 14 May 2020, he described what happened:

I yelled at Zeid not to go near the corner of the roof, but he ignored me and went right up to the edge.

Suddenly, I saw him fall backwards between the water tanks. His head was bleeding. I was confused and didn’t know what do. I ran downstairs to my brother Samir’s apartment.

I woke him up and told him Zeid had been shot in the head. We went up to the roof together. My wife and nieces were still there, screaming.

Some people went up to the roof and a few minutes later, they carried Zeid down to the street, covering his head with a shirt. They drove him to the government hospital in Yatta.

Because of the massive bleeding from the back of his head and all the blood left on the roof, I realized he was probably dead. We followed them to the hospital by car. When we got there, the doctors had already pronounced him dead.

July 04, 2014

Evidence that came to light after Israel removed its gag order on information regarding the June 12 kidnapping and murder of three Jewish Israeli students suggests that it could have been an Israeli government operation that was intentionally used to punish Hamas and break up the new Palestinian unity government.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had immediately accused Hamas of the kidnapping — without presenting any evidence — and proceeded to “conduct a search” throughout the entirety of the West Bank until the bodies were reportedly found on June 30th.

The “search” entailed arresting and beating up about 600 Hamas members (including legislators) and trashing about 2100 homes; Israeli forces killed at least 7 Palestinians.

Israel also heightened its daily air strikes on the Gaza Strip, which has been under the Israeli blockade since Sept. 2006.

The Gaza government appealed to the UN for relief, which responded by condemning the kidnappings rather than the massive abuse of the Palestinian population. And then urging “all parties” to show restraint.

On July 1, Israel removed a gag order on information about the kidnapping that revealed shocking facts:

The Israeli government had informed members of the press around June 15th that it was aware that the students had been killed (1) but placed a gag order on that information: the government must thus have known where the bodies were.

The brutal “search” was merely cover for punishment of members of Hamas, the democratically-elected party of Palestinians throughout the occupied territories. The Israeli media played along with the pretext for the abuse.

Palestinians gather around a destroyed home of the al-Dallu family following an Israeli air strike in Gaza City, on November 18, 2012. At least seven members of the same family, including four children, were among nine people killed when an Israeli missile struck a family home in Gaza City, the health ministry said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

The Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) were only called in 8-9 hours after the first call to report the kidnapping. One of the students placed a call to the police emergency hotline 10 minutes after they accepted a hitchhiking ride home, with the message that he was being kidnapped.

The statement was followed by what sounded like several gunshots, groans and silence; the call lasted for 49 seconds. Police ignored the call. The teen’s father called police 5 hours later, at 3:30 am, to report his son missing. “Several hours” after that, after an exchange of 54 phone calls, the IDF and Shin Bet finally became involved. (2)

The founding of Israel marked the culmination of a 50-year-long campaign, waged by political Zionists, to establish a Jewish state.

Despite possession of all of the evidence of the kidnappings and murders, the Israeli government has offered no evidence that indicates responsibility for the acts. Those with any direct connection to the phone calls or the finding of the bodies have remained unidentified.

Prime Minister Netanyahu has used this event for huge political gain:

to create divisions within the new “unity government” of Fatah and Hamas,

to physically punish Hamas members and the cause of Palestinian resistance,

to get legislation passed through the Knesset to block the return of East Jerusalem to Palestinians (1),

to try to foment a third intifada to legitimate further attacks on Palestinians (1) and

to whip up such hatred of Palestinians that it has become dangerous for them to be seen on Israeli streets.

The Israeli government is continuing to harass and attack Palestinians until it supposedly finds the killers. The two young Hebron men named as the accused have been missing since June 12th.

The uncovering of this deception should arouse world condemnation.

The Neo Anti-Semites

May 27, 2020

“israeli” occupation forces yesterday announced the destruction of ten wells in the town of Az-Zawiya, west of Salfit in the north of the West Bank.

The Palestinian News Agency (Wafa) quoted local sources as saying that occupation forces handed over demolition notices to owners of the water wells in the western region of the town.

The sources pointed out that the wells belong to Maher Qadous, Munir Shamlawi, Rebhi Abu Nabaa, Adnan Ali Hamdan, Nizam Hammouda, Harun Muqadi, Jamal Mosleh, Raji Shakur and Shehadeh Dahbour.

“israel” continues to steal water from the occupied West Bank by curbing Palestinian access to it, while increasing the control illegal Jewish only settlements have over water resources in the area.

The Zionists are the bad guys in every scenario. What kind of people root for them?

In November 1967, Israeli authorities issued Military Order 158, which stated that Palestinians could not construct any new water installation without first obtaining a permit from the Israeli army.

These are nearly impossible to obtain, Amnesty reports. “Palestinians living under Israel’s military occupation continue to suffer the devastating consequences of this order until today.

They are unable to drill new water wells, install pumps or deepen existing wells, in addition to being denied access to the Jordan River and fresh water springs,” the rights group explains.

Adding: “While restricting Palestinian access to water, Israel has effectively developed its own water infrastructure and water network in the West Bank for the use of its own citizens in Israel and in the settlements – that are illegal under international law.”

israeli occupation forces yesterday announced the destruction of ten wells in the town of Az-Zawiya, west of Salfit in the north of the West Bank.

The Palestinian News Agency (Wafa) quoted local sources as saying that occupation forces handed over demolition notices to owners of the water wells in the western region of the town.

The sources pointed out that the wells belong to Maher Qadous, Munir Shamlawi, Rebhi Abu Nabaa, Adnan Ali Hamdan, Nizam Hammouda, Harun Muqadi, Jamal Mosleh, Raji Shakur and Shehadeh Dahbour.

Israel continues to steal water from the occupied West Bank by curbing Palestinian access to it, while increasing the control illegal Jewish only settlements have over water resources in the area.

In November 1967, Israeli authorities issued Military Order 158, which stated that Palestinians could not construct any new water installation without first obtaining a permit from the Israeli army. These are nearly impossible to obtain, Amnesty reports.

“Palestinians living under Israel’s military occupation continue to suffer the devastating consequences of this order until today. They are unable to drill new water wells, install pumps or deepen existing wells, in addition to being denied access to the Jordan River and fresh water springs,” the rights group explains.

Adding: “While restricting Palestinian access to water, Israel has effectively developed its own water infrastructure and water network in the West Bank for the use of its own citizens in Israel and in the settlements – that are illegal under international law.”

Israeli occupation forces yesterday announced the destruction of ten wells in the town of Az-Zawiya, west of Salfit in the north of the West Bank.

The Palestinian News Agency (Wafa) quoted local sources as saying that occupation forces handed over demolition notices to owners of the water wells in the western region of the town.

The sources pointed out that the wells belong to Maher Qadous, Munir Shamlawi, Rebhi Abu Nabaa, Adnan Ali Hamdan, Nizam Hammouda, Harun Muqadi, Jamal Mosleh, Raji Shakur and Shehadeh Dahbour.

Israel continues to steal water from the occupied West Bank by curbing Palestinian access to it, while increasing the control illegal Jewish only settlements have over water resources in the area.

In November 1967, Israeli authorities issued Military Order 158, which stated that Palestinians could not construct any new water installation without first obtaining a permit from the Israeli army.

These are nearly impossible to obtain, Amnesty reports.

“Palestinians living under Israel’s military occupation continue to suffer the devastating consequences of this order until today.

They are unable to drill new water wells, install pumps or deepen existing wells, in addition to being denied access to the Jordan River and fresh water springs,” the rights group explains.

Adding: “While restricting Palestinian access to water, Israel has effectively developed its own water infrastructure and water network in the West Bank for the use of its own citizens in Israel and in the settlements – that are illegal under international law.”

Rogue US will recognize “israel” illegal annexation of occupied West Bank

Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention states: “The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.” It also prohibits the “individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory”.

 

Since Trump took office, he has recognized Israel’s sovereignty over the entirety of occupied Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, despite the fact that this decision contradicts international law and UN Security Council resolutions, which consider the Arab lands seized by Israel in 1967 as occupied.

The United States said it was ready to recognise Israel’s annexation of much of the occupied West Bank adding that Tel Aviv’s new unity government must negotiate with the Palestinians first.

“As we have made consistently clear, we are prepared to recognise Israeli actions to extend Israeli sovereignty and the application of Israeli law to areas of the West Bank that the vision foresees as being part of the State of Israel,” a State Department spokesperson said yesterday.

The step would be “in the context of the Government of Israel agreeing to negotiate with the Palestinians along the lines set forth in President [Donald] Trump’s Vision,” she said.

The statement came after Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he was confident that the US would give Israel the approval within two months to move ahead with the annexation of the occupied West Bank, which Palestinians say will end the ability of establishing a two-state solution.

Israel’s Occupation of the Golan Heights Is Illegal and Dangerous

The city remains destroyed as living proof of Israeli aggression towards civilians. On December 14, 1981, Israel annexed, the Occupied Syrian Golan; the international community responded with Security Council Resolution 497 (1981), which unanimously called this move, “null and void”

Since Trump took office, he has recognized Israel’s sovereignty over the entirety of occupied Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, despite the fact that this decision contradicts international law and UN Security Council resolutions, which consider the Arab lands seized by Israel in 1967 as occupied.

Palestinians have expressed outrage at Israel’s annexation plans.

“Israel is also exploiting the blind ideological support it has in the White House to quickly reach the point of no return,” member of PLO’s Executive Committee Hanan Ashrawi said on Sunday.

“Israeli actions are unraveling the practicability and applicability of the two-state formula. They are etching a future of perpetual conflict and suffering while also threatening the core and relevance of international law to global peace and security,” she added.

Arab Foreign Ministers will meet on Thursday to discuss measures Arab states can take should Israel annex the West Bank, Wafa news agency reported.

The meeting will be held through video conferencing, and will discuss providing political, legal and financial support to the Palestinian Authority to “confront the Israeli plans”.

Israel’s political culture is corrupt

There is no way Israeli parties would grant Israeli-Palestinians legitimacy

Hitler mustaches, and indeed came over with the Nazi playbook. They probably wrote it! From then till now no Israel leader has changed the game plan and never will.

March 11, 2020

Sometimes a mere slogan would do it, one that mysteriously taps into the zeitgeist of an era.

When in 1968, for example, Phillip Morris launched Virginia Slims, the first cigarette brand marketed specifically for “liberated” women, with the slogan “You’ve come a long way, baby”, the whole thing caught on.

Those half dozen words became so ingrained in the lexicon of American argot that when they were used as the title of Fatboy Slim’s 1998 acclaimed album, no one was confused.

Well, Israel too has come a long way, baby, from the image it once held, in popular opinion as in elite discourse, of a little David, inhabiting a tiny strip of land where desert was made to bloom, confronting, against overwhelming odds, a cruel Arab Goliath.

The image at the time had a special appeal to ordinary Americans, who love Horatio Alger stories of self-made men and women who, with pluck and resourcefulness, are able to overcome obstacles.

The David and Goliath package is now supplanted by one of a cruel and racist occupying power.

In no other venue has Israel come a long way in showing itself to the world for the ethnocentric entity that it is, and its leaders for the racists that they are, than in the last general election, held on March 2, the third this year.

Consider the sad tale of the Joint List, the coalition of four majority political parties that represent Israeli Palestinians, roughly 21 per cent of the population.

In the polls two weeks ago, the List made an unprecedented showing, gaining an additional two seats, which made it the third largest bloc in the 120-seat Knesset and the major opposition party.

Yet, not in this election nor in previous ones has one of the four parties drawn from the list ever been invited to be part of the government.

News junkies will recall that the initial results of the election showed Benjamin Netanyahu had scored a smashing victory, but less than 48 hours later hopes were dashed when it was discovered that the Likud fell short of the majority needed to form a government.

And that’s when the man behind the racist Nation State Law “accused” his rival, Benny Gantz of planning to “collaborate” with the list to form a government.

For his part, Gantz, according to a news report in Haaretz, indignantly responded that he would not “in any way, shape or form do so”.

Heavens, imagine, Ayman Odeh, head of the List, becoming opposition leader, entitled to receive briefings from Mossad and to meet visiting heads of state!

It is understood that, were that to happen, smaller opposition groups would readily combine their votes to block his appointment. Heavens!

These folks lobbied so hard to pass the racist Nation State bill into law in the summer of 2018 — that effectively introduced a legal basis to render Israeli Palestinians an inferior minority — and they would not have a “bunch of Arabs” leading the opposition! Oh, the horror, the horror! [That would be like giving the besieged Jews in Warsaw Ghetto a political voice]

“There is no way that other [Israeli] parties would agree to have Ayman Odeh as head of the opposition and grant our community recognition and legitimacy”, said Aida Sliman, an Israeli Palestinian lawmaker from Odeh’s faction in the List.

Now extrapolate from American political culture and this would be tantamount to demanding that no African American would ever hope to become, say, House Speaker, serve in government as a cabinet minister or head a government agency, such as the State Department or the Department of Education.

Symbols speak for themselves.

The conflict between Palestinians and Israelis is suffused with symbols, in this case racist symbols, and it is all being played out in a symbolic environment.

That’s how the political cultures of Palestinians and Israelis have evolved — from the dialectic of interaction between occupier and occupied — shaping even the way they live their ordinary lives.

Few Israelis in this instant could bring themselves, for example, to engage, let alone empathise with the bereavement discourse in Gaza, the humiliating daily grind of checkpoints in the West Bank, and the onslaught of otherness thrust on Israeli Palestinians in the old sod.

These are two different worlds with two different symbolic constructs. The twain truly never meet.

Sorry progressive Israelis, I feel for you. It may very well be that your struggle to liberate your society of bigotry is, at a seminal level, a shade more complex than our struggle to endure it.

— Fawaz Turki is a journalist, lecturer and author based in Washington. He is the author of The Disinherited: Journal of a Palestinian Exile.

“Israel” pharmaceutical firms test medicines on Palestinian prisoners

“Israel is a liability.” – Four-star General David Petraeus

It’s not enough that Gaza is a weapons testing lab for “Israel”.. It’s not enough that they hold onto Palestinians bodies, harvest their organs.

It’s not enough that Palestinians and their children are stalked everywhere by IOF snipers.

It’s not enough that they arrest Palestinians arbitrarily and torture them and hold them indefinitely and keep them from their families.

The Times of Israel reported that in a recording from the event the Hebrew University lecturer also revealed that the Israeli military firms are testing weapons on Palestinian children and carry out these tests in the Palestinian neighborhoods of occupied Jerusalem.

“Israeli” Professor Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian revealed yesterday that the Israeli occupation authorities issues permits to large pharmaceutical firms to carry out tests on Palestinian and Arab prisoners, Felesteen.ps reported.

Palestine Acre Aqueduct feeding the city was poisoned by typhoid injected by Zionists in May 1948

The Times of Israel also reported that in a recording from the event the Hebrew University lecturer also revealed that the Israeli military firms are testing weapons on Palestinian children and carry out these tests in the Palestinian neighborhoods of occupied Jerusalem.

Speaking in Columbia University in New York City, Shalhoub-Kevorkian said that she collected the data while carrying out a research project for the Hebrew University.

“Palestinian spaces are laboratories,” she said. “The invention of products and services of state-sponsored security corporations are fueled by long-term curfews and Palestinian oppression by the “Israeli” army.”

Genocidal Ben Gurion

Israel was founded in 1948 on the stolen land of Palestine by Ashkenazi Zionists, who had lost their homeland Khazaria and were in search of a new land. They flooded into Palestine before, during, and after World War 2. Once on the ground, they created many terrorist groups such as the Irgun, the Stern gang, and Haganah, then terrorized, killed, and displaced the Palestinian population.

Remote control repression: Israel tested its latest weapons against the Great March of Return

In her talk, entitled “Disturbing Spaces – Violent Technologies in Palestinian Jerusalem”, the professor added: “They check for which bombs to use, gas bombs or stink bombs. Whether to put plastic sacks or cloth sacks. To beat us with their rifles or to kick us with boots.”

Last week, Israeli authorities refused to hand over the body of Fares Baroud, who passed away inside Israeli prisons after suffering from a number of diseases.

His family fear that he could have been used for such tests and Israel is afraid this could be revealed through forensic investigations.

Lives of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails - Cartoon [Alarabya]

Lives of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails – Cartoon [Alarabya]

5,000 tests on prisoners

In July 1997, Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth reported remarks for Dalia Itzik, chairman of a parliamentary committee, acknowledged that the Israeli Ministry of Health had given pharmaceutical firms permits to test their new drugs on inmates, noting that 5,000 tests had already been carried out.

Robrecht Vanderbeeken, the cultural secretary of Belgium’s ACOD trade union, warned in August 2018 the population of the Gaza Strip is being “starved to death, poisoned, and children are kidnapped and murdered for their organs.”

This follows previous warnings from Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations Riyad Mansour who said the bodies of Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces “were returned with missing corneas and other organs, further confirming past reports about organ harvesting by the occupying power.”

Ottoman archives help Palestinians reclaim their land

RAMALLAH, West Bank — Deeds 100 years old from the Ottoman archives are helping the Palestinians in their battle to prove their rights to lands around Jerusalem and the West Bank that have been confiscated by Israel.

Turkish officials had announced as early as 2015 that they were handing Ottoman documents to the Palestinians to help them claim ownership of properties taken over by Israel.

Daily Sabah, a pro-government paper, quoted Kudret Bulbul, head of the Turks Abroad and Related Communities Directorate of the Prime Ministry between 2014-2016, as saying that the archives included “land registers, sultans’ decrees and historical documents proving the property ownership of Palestinians in Jerusalem and the Palestinian territories.”

 In 2018, a full electronic archive of 140,000 documents was available, spanning over 400 years of Ottoman rule in Palestinian lands.

Israel Hayom newspaper published an article Jan. 2, titled “Erdogan’s Quiet Jihad,” reporting that Turks handed the Palestinians 140,000 microfilm pages from the Ottoman archives in an effort to extend their “influence-peddling in Jerusalem and on the Temple Mount.”

“The Palestinians see these documents as a game-changer in their battle with Israel over land.

They have already used the archive to challenge Israeli ownership of land and real estate in various parts of the country,” the article noted, adding that the Turkish authorities delivered the microfilms to the Palestinian diplomatic mission in Ankara last year.

Lawyers affiliated to the Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission reclaimed hundreds of lands from Israel in 2019 with the help of those records, Walid Assaf, the commission’s director, said. The commission, affiliated with the PLO, provides legal aid to citizens who appear before Israeli courts to defend their lands.

Assaf said during a Jan. 5 press conference in Ramallah that the commission’s lawyers reclaimed 6,000 dunams (1,483 acres) in 2019. He also pointed out that another 40,000 dunams (9,884 acres) had been reclaimed since 2015 by proving that they were acquired through fraud.

According to Assaf, the Turkish authorities, specifically the Directorate of Ottoman Archives, handed copies of the archives on Palestine to the Palestinian Embassy in Turkey, which in turn delivered the documents to Methaq Center for Heritage and Islamic Research, which is affiliated with the Palestinian Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs, in March 2018.

The ministry then shared the archive with the Palestinian Land Authority and the Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission. The archive includes maps, documents and real estate plans during the Ottoman rule of Palestine between 1516 and 1917.

The Ottoman archives on Palestine proved to be a huge advantage for the Palestinians, as it allows them access to many title deeds and properties that existed prior to the creation of the State of Israel, specifically in the area currently classified as Area C.

No Israel here.

This area, established under the 1995 Oslo II Accords, constitutes 60% of the West Bank. The agreement gives Israel judicial and security control over Area C, but the Palestinians maintain that Israel intends to annex and declare sovereignty over the whole area by displacing Palestinians and establishing Jewish settlements.

Head of the Palestinian Land Authority Musa Shakarna told Al-Monitor, “The existence of historical documents proving ownership of lands over 400 years of Ottoman rule of Palestine is significant.

Israel expropriated most lands under the pretext they were state property.

The documents are important to prove that Palestinians owned these lands hundreds of years before the establishment of Israel.”

The Palestinian Land and Water Settlement Commission, a public association that has financial and administrative independence and legal competence, also said it relies on Ottoman archives in its work.

Its work is to provide land ownership, settle disputes between citizens and register land in the Palestinian Land Authority Registry. 

Shakarna said, “We sometimes refer to the archive documents to verify land ownership” as part of the commission’s work that took off in 2016 to register all Palestinian territories.

Shakarna noted, “Ever since we started the project of land [Tapu] registration in 2016, we have settled the situation of 1 million dunams and registered them completely under the names of their owners in official records.

Around 2 million dunams are also in the final stages of registration. The commission will finish registration of all West Bank territories by 2022.” 

Encouraged by what they can find in archives in terms of land registry, Methaq Center for Heritage and Islamic Research is also working on receiving a new batch of historical Palestinian documents from some Arab states.

Khalil Karaja al-Rifai, director of Methaq, told the local Maan news agency Jan. 2 that the center is procuring new, important documents that will soon be revealed, in cooperation with

the Arab League.

Assaf told Al-Monitor that the Ottoman archive that was obtained provides many more documents and manuscripts than the Jordanian archive that the Palestinian Authority (PA) received from the Jordanian kingdom after its establishment in 1993.

The Ottoman Empire, which ruled the lands for 400 years, has a larger archive.

Assaf noted that the Ottoman archive will help the Palestinians challenge the Israeli interpretation and application of the 1921 Ottoman Mewat Land Ordinance related to deserted and remote lands.

The law allowed people to restore these lands, provided they receive the government’s approval and restoration happens within three years at most.

If the lands were not reclaimed during this duration, they were taken from the initial person and given to another.

If the person restored the lands with governmental approval, he could register them under his name, provided he paid registration costs.

Assaf said that Israel activated the Ottoman law in the early 1980s and announced all lands that were not used during three consecutive years would become state territory. Consequently, it managed to control thousands of dunams.

He added, “Thanks to these documents, we have restituted wide stretches of land, and we will recover thousands of additional dunams that Israel had previously declared state territory.” 

He said that the archive is being used for two purposes: to solve internal disputes between citizens over land ownership and to reclaim Israeli-controlled lands in Israeli courts.

“We used Ottoman archives to restitute lands in Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Salfit,” he said.

The PA might succeed in proving ownership of some territories with the Ottoman archives, but it might fail to reclaim important landmarks in Jerusalem and around Al-Aqsa Mosque.

Israel is imposing its full sovereignty on the city and relying on the green light of the US administration, which declared Jerusalem the capital of Israel, and on annexing Area C in the West Bank to Israel. 

‘Sderot’, the ‘Israeli’ city where the ‘Hamas’ rockets fall

The world knows it as Sderot, the Israeli city where the Hamas rockets fall. Even Barack Obama has been there. But Huj has a lot to do with this little story.

By map calculations, it lies, long destroyed, across the fields from a scruffy recreation center near the entrance to Sderot, a series of shabby villas on a little ring road where Israeli children were playing on the Shabat afternoon.

Israelis Atop Sderot Watching Gaza Bombing

The inhabitants of Huj were all Palestinian Arab Muslims and, irony of ironies, they got on well with the Jews of Palestine. We have to thank the Israeli historian Benny Morris for uncovering their story, which is as grim as it is filled with sorrow.

Huj’s day of destiny came on 31 May 1948, when the Israeli Negev Brigade’s 7th Battalion, facing an advancing Egyptian army, arrived in the village. In Morris’s words, “the brigade expelled the villagers of Huj … to the Gaza Strip”.
Some thanks

Morris elaborates: “Huj had traditionally been friendly; in 1946, its inhabitants had hidden Haganah men from a British dragnet. In mid-December 1947, while on a visit to Gaza, the mukhtar (mayor) and his brother were shot dead by a mob that accused them of ‘collaboration’.

But at the end of May, given the proximity of the advancing Egyptian column, the Negev Brigade decided to expel the inhabitants – and then looted and blew up their houses.”

So the people of Huj had helped the Jewish Haganah army escape the British – and the thanks they got was to be sent into Gaza as refugees.

According to Morris, three months later the three headmen from the nearest Jewish kibbutzim even complained about the treatment of their former neighbours to David Ben Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister.

He wrote back: “I hope that the HQ will pay attention to what you say, and will avoid such unjust and unjustified actions in the future, and will set right these things in so far as possible with respect to the past.” But Ben Gurion did not instruct the new Israeli army to allow the villagers of Huj to return.

The following month, they pleaded to go back. The Israeli Department of Minority Affairs noted that they deserved special treatment since they had been “loyal”, but the Israeli army decided they should not go back.

So the Palestinians of Huj festered on in the Gaza strip where their descendants still live as refugees.

But the present day Sderot, writes the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, was built on farmland belonging to another Palestinian Arab village called Najd, its 422 Muslim inhabitants living in 82 homes, growing citrus, bananas and cereals.

They shared the same fate as the people of Huj. On 12 and 13 May 1948, the Negev Brigade of the Israeli army – again, according to Morris – drove them out. They, too, were sent into exile in Gaza.

Thus did the ethnic cleansing of Palestine, as another Israeli historian, Illan Pappé, calls it bluntly, wipe from history the people who farmed the land on which Sderot would be built.
Irony

You can see Huj and Najd on Munther Khaled Abu Khader’s reproduced map of Mandate Palestine. Sderot was founded in 1951 but Asraf Simi, who arrived there in 1962 and later worked in the local library, knows nothing of this. She shrugged her shoulders when I asked about them.

“We didn’t hear anything about Arabs around here. My uncle came near the beginning, around 1955, and was living in a tent here – and we all thought this would be one of the most modern cities in Israel! I’m not frightened – but I’m not happy about the ceasefire. I think we should have gone in there to finish it all forever.”

Another irony. Asraf Simi was born in Morocco and learned Moroccan-accented Arabic before she left for Israel at the age of 17. And she does not know that today, in the squalor of Gaza, live well over 6,000 descendants of the people of Huj.

Thus does the tragedy of the Palestinian Nakba – the “catastrophe” – connect directly with the Israelis of Sderot.

That is why they cannot “finish it all forever”. Because the thousands of rockets that have fallen around them over the past 12 years come from the very place where now live the families that lived on this land.

Thus does Sderot have an intimate connection with a date that President Obama may have forgotten about when he came visiting: 1948, the year that will never go away.

UNESCO Conference 2019 Calls to Protect Jerusalem From Occupying Zionists

 The Cultural Committee of the 40th UNESCO general conference decides to retain the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

OCCUPIED JERUSALEM

  21/November/2019

The Cultural Committee of the 40th UNESCO general conference, which was attended by ministers of culture from around the world, has called for taking new decisions to protect the world heritage in Occupied Jerusalem.

UNESCO member states and international donors said they would provide further support for activities intended to preserve the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem.

The UNESCO Cultural Committee expressed concern about Israel’s excavations and construction works in the Old City of Jerusalem and on both sides of the city and its walls.

The World Heritage Committee

  • Deeply concerned by the persistence of the Israeli illegal excavations and works conducted by the Israeli Occupation authorities and the extreme settler groups in the Old City of Jerusalem and on both sides of its Walls and the failure of Israel to cease such harmful interventions, requests Israel to timely stop all such violations, in conformity with its obligations under the provisions of related UNESCO Conventions and recommendations,
  • Regrets the damage caused by the Israeli security forces on 30th October 2014 to the historic Gates and windows of the Qibli Mosque inside Al-Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif, which is a Muslim holy site of worship and an integral part of a World Heritage Site;
  • Expresses its deep concern over the Israeli closure and ban of the renovation of Al-Rahma Gate building, one of Al-Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif Gates, and urges Israel to stop obstruction of the necessary restoration works, in order to fix the damage caused by the weather conditions, especially the water leakage into the rooms of the building;
  • Deplores the damaging effect of the Jerusalem Light rail (tram line) at few meters from the Walls of the Old City of Jerusalem which severely affects the visual integrity and the authentic character of the site and requests Israel, the Occupying Power, to restore the original character of the site in conformity with its obligations under the provisions of related UNESCO Conventions and recommendations;
  • Calls on Israel, the Occupying Power, to stop the obstruction of the immediate execution of all the 19 Hashemite restoration projects in and around Al-Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif;
  • Also deplores the Israeli decision to approve: the plan to build a two-line cable car system in East Jerusalem, the plan to construct of the so called “Liba House” project in the Old City of Jerusalem, the demolition and new construction of the so-called Strauss Building, and the project of the elevator in the Buraq Plaza (Western Wall), the digging of a Mamluk structure beneath the Buraq Plaza (Western Wall), the excavations and construction of new levels underneath the Buraq Plaza, and urges Israel, the Occupying Power, to renounce the above mentioned projects in conformity with its obligations under the provisions of related UNESCO Conventions and recommendations particularly the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict of 1954 and its related protocols, as well as UNESCO Decisions particularly the World Heritage Committee decisions 26 and 38COM7A.4;
  • Expresses its deep concern regarding the plan for building of the so called “Kedem Center” a visitors centre near the southern wall of Al-Aqsa Mosque/Al-Haram Al-Sharif, which severely affects the visual integrity and the authentic character of the site, in addition, its placement at the northern entrance to Silwan village will cut off the Palestinian residents’ direct connection to Old City and the Palestinian neighbourhoods to the north and east of the village, furthermore, most of the remains resulted from the excavation therein have been completely removed without documentation;
  • Expresses its concern regarding the restricting obstacles imposed by Israel, the Occupying Power, on the freedom of access that shall be provided to the competent national authorities including the Jordanian Waqf experts to safeguard the Old City of Jerusalem and both sides of its Walls;
  • Welcomes the relative improvement of Muslim worshippers’ access into A.l-Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif over the past seven months, regrets the Israeli extremist groups’ continuous storming of Al-.Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif, and urges Israel, the Occupying Power, to take necessary measures to prevent such provocative abuses that violate the sanctity and integrity of the Al Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif and inflame tension on the ground;
  • Further regrets the damage by Israel, the Occupying Power, of the historic ceramics atop of the main gates of the Dome of the Rock and the damage of the historic gates and windows of the Qibli Mosque inside Al Aqsa Mosque/Al-Haram Al-Sharif and reaffirms, in this regard, the necessity to respect and safeguard the integrity, authenticity and cultural heritage of Al-Aqsa Mosque /Al-Haram Al-Sharif, as reflected in the Status Quo, as a Muslim Holy Site of worship and as an integral part of a World Cultural Heritage site;
  • Calls upon Israel to return the remains and to provide the World Heritage Centre with the relevant documentation in particular concerning the removed and found historic remains, as well as to restore the original character of the sites of all the above mentioned projects;
  • Requests the World Heritage Centre to continue applying the Reinforced Monitoring Mechanism to the Old City of Jerusalem on both sides of its Walls, and also requests it to report every four months on this matter;
  • Thanks the Director-General of UNESCO and the World Heritage Centre for their efforts aimed at the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem on both sides of its walls and invites them to report on this matter at the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee in 2016;II

  • Recalling 176 EX/Special Plenary Meeting Decision, and all UNESCO Executive Board Decisions relating to the Ascent to the Mughrabi Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem,
  • Affirms that the Mughrabi Ascent is an integral and inseparable part of Al Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif,
  • Takes into consideration all the previous Reinforced Monitoring Reports and their addenda prepared by the World Heritage Centre as well as the State of Conservation report submitted to the World Heritage Centre by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the State of Palestine,  
  • Expresses its growing concern regarding the continuous, intrusive demolitions and illegal excavations in and around the Mughrabi Gate Ascent, and the latest excavation works conducted at the beginning of May 2015 at the Buraq Plaza (Western Wall) of Al-Aqsa Mosque/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif, and calls on Israel, the Occupying Power, to end such violations, respect the Status Quo, and enable the Jordanian Awaqf experts as a part of the competent national authorities to maintain and safeguard the site in accordance with the relevant provisions of the UNESCO Conventions and Recommendations in particular the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict of 1954 and its related protocols;
  • Commends the Jordanian design for the restoration and preservation of the Mughrabi Ascent, submitted to the World Heritage Centre on 27 May 2011, and thanks Jordan for its cooperation in accordance with the provisions of the relevant UNESCO Conventions for the Protection of Cultural Heritage;
  • Urges Israel, the Occupying Power, to cooperate with Jordanian Awqaf Department, in conformity with its obligations under the provisions of the UNESCO related Conventions, to facilitate access of Jordanian Awqaf experts with their tools and material to the site in order to enable the execution of the Jordanian design of the Ascent to the Mughrabi Gate;
  • Further expresses its deep concern regarding demolitions of Ummayad, Ottoman and Mamluk remains at the site of the Mughrabi Gate Pathway, and urges Israel, the Occupying Power, to abide by its obligations in this regard;
  • Thanks the Director-General for her attention to the sensitive situation of the Ascent to the Mughrabi Gate and asks her to take the necessary measures in order to enable the execution of the Jordanian design of the Ascent to the Mughrabi Gate;III

  • Recalls the Executive Board decisions concerning the reactive monitoring mission to the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls particularly decision 196EX/Decision26.4 as well as the World Heritage Committee decisions particularly decision 34 COM 7A.20;
  • Deeply regrets the continuous Israeli failure to implement the Reactive Monitoring Mission and urges Israel, the Occupying Power, to accept and facilitate the implementation of that Mission;
  • Stresses the need of the urgent implementation of the above-mentioned UNESCO mission and, in case of non-implementation according to the above mentioned Executive Board decision 196EX/Decision26.4, decides to consider, in conformity with the provisions of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972, adequate measures to have the concerned party implement it;
  • Requests that the report and recommendations of the mission be presented to the concerned parties prior to the next 197 EX Board session;
  • Thanks the Director-General for her continuous efforts to implement the above-mentioned UNESCO mission and all related UNESCO decisions and resolutions, and invites her to report on this matter at the next 40th World Heritage Committee session;IV

  • Decides to retain the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls on the List of World Heritage in Danger.