Five Decades After the Pentagon Papers: Presidential Lies and Foolish Forecasts

“For these crimes 58,000 Americans died needlessly. It is time to resurrect the “Vietnam Syndrome” against repeat performances. And to make it permanent.”

Fifty years ago the Pentagon Papers exploded politically in a nation weary of the Vietnam War.

Daniel Ellsberg worked on a Defense Department study about Washington’s involvement in Vietnam.

He was so appalled with the findings that he leaked the document to the New York Times.

The embarrassed Nixon administration sought to block publication.

Attorney General John W. Mitchell, later imprisoned for his role in the Watergate scandal, sent a telegram to the Times demanding return of the materials: “further publication of information of this character will cause irreparable injury to the defense interests of the United States.”

The legal battle went to the Supreme Court, which upheld the paper’s right to publish the drearily titled “Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force.”

The documents further undermined the credibility of an administration was continuing a war the president had promised to end.

In 1996 R.W. Apple, Jr., of the Times looked back at the disclosures: “They demonstrated, among other things, that the Johnson Administration had systematically lied, not only to the public but also to Congress, about a subject of transcendent national interest and significance.”

Based on these falsehoods 58,000 mostly young Americans died.

Although some observers imagined that truth and honesty to government would be restored with the end of the Nixon administration, international affairs and especially war continued to bring out the worst in governments.

Ronald Reagan had the Iran-Contra scandal.

Bill Clinton promoted fake atrocity stories to build support for the first Iraq War.

George W. Bush and his administration employed their unique “bodyguard of lies” to almost completely supplant the truth to win public support for the catastrophic invasion of Iraq.

Perhaps looking most like Vietnam was Afghanistan, which is nearing its 20th anniversary.

The Washington Post published a detailed history of the latter war, which it called “THE AFGHANISTAN PAPERS: A secret history of the war.” Like the Pentagon Papers, the Afghanistan Papers’ overwhelming theme was dishonesty.

The story was formally titled “At War with the Truth.” The Post explained: “U.S. officials constantly said they were making progress. They were not, and they knew it.”

As terrible as was the loss of American life in Vietnam, the true horror was the civilian death toll. Estimates start around 200,000 Vietnamese and run to well over one million for when the US was involved.

Hundreds of thousands of South and North Vietnamese soldiers and Viet Cong insurgents also died.

America was not responsible for all those deaths, but US involvement greatly prolonged the war, resulting in many casualties for no ultimate gain.

What followed America’s military departure was ugly, but inevitable, unless America was willing to stay forever.

The peace agreement was signed with the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in January 1973.

The last American combat troops departed on March 29th.

Fighting soon resumed and the Republic of Vietnam collapsed in April 1975.

As the North Vietnamese army closed in on the capital of Saigon evacuation of American personnel along with selected Vietnamese began.

After the airport was disabled, the final airlift shifted to the embassy, with helicopters using the embassy roof as a landing pad. On April 30 the city fell.

The visual was humiliating for the supposed leader of the free world.

Indeed, fear of repeating a “Saigon moment” has infused debate over later, ill-fated interventions.

The specter often is used against proposals to end US involvement in other wars.

For instance, in 2006 author Patrick Cockburn wrote: “Iraq may be getting close to what Americans call ‘the Saigon moment,’ the time when it becomes evident to all that the government is expiring.”

In 2019 Juan Cole warned: “In Syria, this is Trump’s Saigon Moment.

All US special forces personnel are being withdrawn from Syria after Turkish artillery targeted some of their bases to force them back from the border, and after Turkey cut off their supply lines. …

Not since 1975 have [US troops] had to rush for the exits in quite this ignominious a fashion, and it is said that they are angry about it, especially about the US betrayal of the Kurds who bravely fought alongside them against ISIL.”

Writer Stephen Lendman penned an article entitled “US Syria Pullout? A Saigon Moment?”

The National’s Thomas Harding reported: “Afghanistan faces a ‘Saigon moment’ of comprehensive defeat with the Taliban taking over Kabul after the withdrawal of US and NATO troops, leading politicians and academics have warned.”

British Conservative politician Tobias Ellwood feared the most “likely scenario is that as the withdrawal becomes more evident the Taliban will get more aggressive, far bolder, and we’re going to see more attacks, which will usher in an expedited retreat, even leading to scenes that we saw in Saigon a few decades ago.”

The Diplomat’s Luke Hunt observed: “there is a genuine sense of foreboding that Afghanistan will tread the same path as South Vietnam did after President Richard Nixon pulled US troops out in 1973.”

Yet the debate surrounding the Vietnam War was dishonest in two ways. The first was the false narrative of past progress.

The second was the false narrative of future disaster – if US military efforts failed.

Vietnam-era hawks repaired to the famed “domino theory,” which predicted that not supporting the Republic of Vietnam would undermine America’s Asian allies and devastate Washington’s regional influence. Southeast Asia would go communist.

Japan would go neutral. China and the Soviet Union would go big.

Communist insurgents did take control in Laos and Cambodia.

The results were particularly gruesome in the latter.

However, little more than three years later Hanoi invaded what had been renamed Kampuchea and ousted the Khmer Rouge, a movement crazy even by communist standards.

Laos was isolated and insular, and made no effort to export its ideology.

Thailand remained independent.

General turned President Suharto had previously crushed Indonesia’s communist movement with great bloodshed. Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand, and other states remained unmolested.

Even more dramatic were the changes scrolling forward a couple decades. The Soviet Union was gone. The Warsaw Pact had dissolved. NATO was expanding, incorporating former Soviet satellite states. Moscow largely disappeared as a geopolitical power in East Asia. Mao Zedong was dead. The People’s Republic of China radically relaxed economic and social controls. The Chinese people enjoyed the fruits of capitalism. PRC leaders were warmly welcomed in America. Japan had the world’s second largest economy. Asian-Pacific waters became an American lake.

As for Vietnam, it fought a short, sharp war with Beijing. Hanoi and Washington Eventually began a diplomatic dance that ended in official recognition. Explained the State Department:

“Twenty-five years after the establishment of bilateral relations in 1995, the United States and Vietnam are trusted partners with a friendship grounded in mutual respect.

U.S.-Vietnam relations have become increasingly cooperative and comprehensive, evolving into a flourishing partnership that spans political, economic, security, and people-to-people ties.

The United States supports a strong, prosperous, and independent Vietnam that contributes to international security; engages in mutually beneficial trade relations; and respects human rights and the rule of law.

Relations are guided by the 2013 U.S.-Vietnam Comprehensive Partnership, an overarching framework for advancing the bilateral relationship, and Joint Statements issued by our two countries’ leaders in 2015, 2016, and in May and November 2017.

In 2020, Vietnam and the United States commemorated 25 years of diplomatic relations between the two countries, renewing their commitment to strengthened cooperation.”

State included a fact sheet on security cooperation.

There have been financial and technical assistance to deal with mines and unexploded ordinance, 11 Political, Security, and Defense Dialogues, military assistance under the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program, Southeast Asia Maritime Security Initiative (SAMSI), and weapons sales.

Perhaps even more incredibly, given the earlier role of American aircraft carriers: “On March 9, 2020, the United States completed its second aircraft carrier visit to Vietnam with the USS Theodore Roosevelt’s five-day port call to Da Nang.

Sailors participated in cultural exchanges and community service projects including making crafts, playing sports, a language exchange, gardening, and painting, demonstrating the importance of people-to-people ties between the United States and Vietnam.”

War, what war?

Of course, the shift in relations was not an endorsement of the Hanoi government.

Freedom House rates the country as “not free,” with especially few political liberties. Explained the group: “Vietnam is a one-party state, dominated for decades by the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV).

Although some independent candidates are technically allowed to run in legislative elections, most are banned in practice.

Freedom of expression, religious freedom, and civil society activism are tightly restricted.

The authorities have increasingly cracked down on citizens’ use of social media and the internet to voice dissent and share uncensored information.”

Vietnam also flunks basic religious liberty. The US Commission on International Religious Freedom labels Vietnam a Country of Particular Concern.

The Commission’s latest annual assessment reported: “Authorities continued to actively persecute independent religious minority communities, including Protestant Hmong and Montagnard Christians, Hoa Hao Buddhists, the Unified Buddhists, Cao Dai followers, Catholics, and Falun Gong practitioners.

Ethnic minority communities faced especially egregious persecution for the peaceful practice of their faith, including physical assault, banishment, detention, imprisonment, and forced renunciation of faith.”

However, Hanoi’s victory proved to be a wave of one, a harbinger of none .

Vietnam remains a war that America should never have fought.

France committed the original sin of colonialism.

Washington blundered by helping Paris try to reassert control after Japan’s defeat in World War II.

Then the Kennedy administration made America the de facto colonial power, with disastrous results.

Against both France and America Hanoi triumphed by harnessing the power of nationalism, offering rule by Vietnamese over Vietnamese, an end to foreign control, and a united people.

Washington’s alternative – mouthing platitudes about freedom while allying with local elites and fueling corruption and repression – proved inadequate.

Many Vietnamese, especially those who did not understand the reality of the communist party, backed the North.

America is now leaving Afghanistan after doing poorly in a similar conflict. One can only hope – again! – that Washington will learn, and remember, the lessons of defeat.

The Vietnam War was a disastrous failure.

The Pentagon Papers remind us that policymakers, civilian and military, in Washington, not grunts in the field, were to blame.

The former compounded an unnecessary war with a misguided strategy which they attempted to disguise with lies.

For these crimes 58,000 Americans died needlessly. It is time to resurrect the “Vietnam Syndrome” against repeat performances. And to make it permanent.

Israeli settler-colonialism protects US interests, hence the unconditional support

The US will not get involved in the current government turbulence in Israel, but remains committed to the security of the settler-colonial state, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki has declared.

Her words are a far cry from the impositions which Palestinians faced from the US and the international community when Hamas was elected in 2006 in the “free and fair” Palestinian legislative election.

Palestinian democracy was subjected to unacceptable conditions and the US disregarded the whole electoral process, and the will of the people, to create a false narrative of democracy out of international impositions.

When it comes to Israel, the US won’t interfere in political affairs, even when the government displays open contempt for US policy in the region.

And Washington’s chequebook is always open.

During the course of Israel’s recent military offensive against Gaza, for example, President Joe Biden went ahead and allocated $735 million worth of arms to be “sold” to the rogue state, illustrating how political allegiances have little to do with democracy and everything to do with human and political rights violations.

A week after Israel unleashed its military might against Palestinians, Defence Minister Benny Gantz was in Washington securing assurances from the Biden administration and funding for the Iron Dome missile defence system.

Such funding, of course, was unquestionable.

According to the Acting Secretary of State Joey Hood, Biden is “clear about this administration’s support for replenishing this system to support Israel’s ability to defend itself in the future.”

Since the 1967 Six-Day War, the US has offered unequivocal support for Israel, while embarking upon a pretence of securing the minimum of Palestinian rights; in other words, ensuring that the Palestinian people remain shackled to a humanitarian aid programme and not a path to freedom and justice.

While Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s name has become synonymous with state and settler violations against the Palestinian people, this is merely a question of timeframes.

The incoming coalition led by Naftali Bennett is likely to be just as ruthless and in contempt of international law.

Annexation, for example, was one of Bennett’s aims in previous years, even though many people associate this with Donald Trump and Netanyahu.

Trump/US the puppet of Israel – Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]

Bennett has also been outspoken in terms of refuting the two-state compromise.

His position makes it even more obvious that the “solution” is dead and buried, in large part due to international inaction over Israel’s colonial expansion.

However, in typical fashion, the international community has not mustered any political opposition to settlement expansion, meaning that Bennett’s annexation aims will be fulfilled at an opportune time, as former US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman often reiterated in his interviews.

Besides the US military aid which guarantees Israel’s hegemony in the region, the Biden administration’s insistence on the two-state compromise — despite the evidence that it is a farce —is likely to remain the game changer, to the detriment of the Palestinians.

An inconspicuous tactic because it is driven by international consensus, yet influential when it comes to colonial expansion, two-state politics are driving Israel’s annexation plans in the absence of the so-called “deal of the century”.

Bennett or Netanyahu, or anyone else for that matter, will not influence the unconditional US backing for Israel, because it is driven by support for colonialism and regional interests, for which the Zionist state was created to protect.

US divided over Israel

Five Congress representatives, members of the Democratic Party, have ramped up criticism in Congress against Democratic President Joe Biden.

They accuse him of complicity with Israel in its crimes against the Palestinians.

These women, close to the Defense Department, are already known for their commitment against “systemic racism”.

The US State Department has issued a notice asking US citizens who wish to visit Israel to cancel their trip if possible.

The US Department of Defense has withdrawn at least a hundred of its men stationed in Israel and moved them to Germany.

Israel Instructs Biden Not to Lift Trump-era ICC Sanctions

“Israel may have the right to put others on trial, but certainly no one has the right to put the Jewish people and the State of Israel on trial.” — Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon*

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Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urged United States President Joe Biden not to lift sanctions imposed on International Criminal Court (ICC) officials by the administration of former President Donald Trump, according to a report by Axios.

The Biden administration had pledged to “thoroughly review” the sanctions imposed by the Trump administration, which had accused the Hague-based tribunal of infringing on US sovereignty by authorising an investigation into alleged war crimes by the US forces in Afghanistan.

Israel has increased pressure on the ICC following its ruling in early February that the court’s jurisdiction extends to the occupied Palestinian territories, paving the way for it to open investigations into war crimes committed by both Israelis and Palestinians, according to the report.

Israel and the US were quick to condemn the court’s announcement, with Israel accusing the court of “pure anti-Semitism” and the US saying it had “serious concerns” about the court’s decision and adding that it was reviewing the ruling.

Neither ally is party to the Rome Statute, the treaty that established the ICC, and both have sought to shield their citizens from prosecution in the court.

Washington, however, has supported and engaged with the court in various forms since it began operations in 2002.

The fight over the court’s jurisdiction has presented an early challenge for the Biden administration, which is seeking to re-engage in multilateral organizations.

Israel, meanwhile, has reportedly urged allies to pressure ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda, one of the officials currently under US sanctions, no to move forward with any investigation involving Israelis.

On February 13, British lawyer Karim Khan was elected as the next prosecutor of the ICC to replace Bensouda, who retires in June. Khan, 50, led a United Nations probe into atrocities by the ISIL (ISIS) armed group.

Axios reported that Israeli diplomats are urging US officials to keep the sanctions as leverage and that the issue was also raised during a call between US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and his Israeli counterpart Gabriel Ashkenazi.

Source: Al Jazeera

US judge dismisses lawsuit linking Palestine solidarity group to ‘terrorism’

Crowd clapping applauding - gif | Gif, Cumprimentos, Sábias palavras

‘The smearing of human rights advocates as terrorists is a troublingly common and dangerous tactic’

– Diala Shamas, lawyer

By Ali Harb
30 March 2021

A US judge has dismissed a lawsuit that aimed to link a Washington-based Palestinian rights advocacy group to “international terrorism”, in a decision that activists hailed as a victory for free speech.

In a ruling released on Monday, federal judge Richard Leon rejected a claim that the US Campaign for Palestinian Rights (USCPR) is liable for militant attacks against Israelis because of its support for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement and Gaza’s Great March of Return.

The lawsuit was led by the Israeli government-aligned Jewish National Fund and group of US citizens living in Israel.

They argued that the USPCR aided and abetted acts of “international terrorism” by supporting the Great March of Return and the BDS National Committee (BNC).

The plaintiffs sought a jury trial demanding compensation under the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA), a US law that allows victims of terrorism to sue accomplices in militant attacks for damages.
‘Not convincing’

Image result for John kerry animated gif

Sen John Kerry: “The Palestinians have done an extraordinary job of remaining committed to non-violence. And in fact when the intifada (in 2015) took place they delivered non-violence – in the West Bank.”
However, Kerry said this was “overlooked by the general population because it’s not a topic of discussion. Why? Because the majority of the cabinet, in the current Israeli government, has publicly declared they are not ever for a Palestinian state.”

Leon tossed the lawsuit, rebuffing the attempt to equate support for BDS with material support for Hamas, which is designated as a terrorist organisation by Washington.

He also said the plaintiffs failed to establish a direct link between the US-based group’s activities and actual attacks against Americans.

“While the plaintiffs make broad allegations that the US Campaign provided financial assistance to Hamas, they fail to plead factual allegations sufficient to support these claims.

The more specific factual allegations involving the BNC and other groups are simply too removed from a terrorist act or organization to state a claim under the ATA,” the judge wrote in his ruling.

Israel Now Arming Seven Terrorist Groups in Syria - Report | The Liberty Beacon

Israeli Weapons Used in Genocide Against Rohingya Muslims

“Plaintiffs’ argument to the contrary are, to say the least, not convincing.”

USPCR executive director Ahmad Abuznaid lauded the ruling.

He said the lawsuit reflected Israeli efforts to collectively punish Palestinians for their activism, even those living abroad.

“This reinforces that not only is justice on our side, but also affirms our constitutional rights and ability to continue to fight for the freedom of the Palestinian people,” Abuznaid told MEE.

The Great March of Return started in 2018 as a peaceful protest campaign along the fence separating the Gaza Strip from Israel.

It demanded an end to the blockade on the Palestinian territory and emphasized the right of return for Palestinian refugees who were displaced from their homes in what is today Israel. Gaza is home to 1.9 million Palestinians who are mostly refugees.

Israeli forces killed more than 180 Palestinians, including medics and journalists, during the Great March, which lasted for months.

Protesters responded by lighting up balloons, kites and condoms and flying them into Israeli territories.

 

The JNF lawsuit described the Palestinian balloons as “arson terrorism” that caused emotional suffering and material damage for the US citizens suing the USPCR.

Judge Leon said that while he empathises with the plaintiffs’ “suffering”, he cannot conclude “that the law provides the relief” that they seek.

Diala Shamas, a staff attorney at the Center for Constitutional Rights, which helped represent the defendants, said she hopes the ruling would be a “turning point” against efforts by private actors to weaponise terrorism laws to silence critics.

“The smearing of human rights advocates as terrorists is a troublingly common and dangerous tactic. The JNF’s complaint perversely cites our clients’ human rights advocacy in an attempt to support their ultimately fruitless effort to hijack US courts,” Shamas said in a statement.


Anti-BDS efforts

Abuznaid said the lawsuit is part of a broader effort to silence Palestinian rights activism, including laws penalizing individuals and companies that boycott Israel.

“But we have constitutional rights in this country, rights that Israelis are obviously denying us in our ancestral homeland, but that they cannot deny us here in the US,” he told MEE.

‘The smearing of human rights advocates as terrorists is a troublingly common and dangerous tactic’

– Diala Shamas, lawyer

Dozens of US states have anti-BDS laws on the books. Federal courts have struck down such legislation in Kansas, Arizona and Texas for violating free speech rights.

Earlier this year, a court of appeals also ruled that an anti-BDS law in Arkansas is in violation of the First Amendment.

The ruling in favour of the USPCR comes weeks after a judge in California dismissed a defamation lawsuit brought by a former Israeli soldier against a Palestinian rights activist.

Abuznaid said he hopes these legal victories would convince US politicians to stop the crackdown on Palestinian rights activism in the United States.

“They cannot silence us. They cannot stop us. I want to keep fighting for a day where freedom and liberation truly includes the Palestinian people,” he said.

How ‘IsraHell is shaping Biden’s Iran policy

First published … March 10, 2021

While Joe Biden the candidate wanted to quickly normalize relations with Iran and re-enter the JCPOA, Joe Biden the president has, as the developments that have happened so far, deviated from his stated course of action.

To a large extent, Biden has appropriated Trump’s “maximum pressure” strategy and has refused to lift sanctions on Iran and simply make the US a part of the Iran nuclear deal.

To a significant extent, this dramatic change in policy, while not completely surprising for the Iranians, is a result of the way Israel is pushing the Biden administration away from reconciliation and normalisation.

In fact, a crucial reason for Biden’s appropriation of Trump’s “maximum pressure” strategy is the way the Israelis have very quickly implanted their own discourse vis-à-vis Iran in the mindset of the Biden administration.

Echoing what the Israelis have been saying for years, Anthony Blinken recently remarked that Iran was only “weeks” or “months” away from making a bomb.

Blinken and constituents

Although there is a huge difference between having the capacity to build a bomb and actually building and using a bomb, the US sees this [doubtful] proximity to building a bomb as a crucial factor that has made the Biden administration change its plans from re-joining the JCPOA to emphasising renegotiations. It has led it to refuse to lift sanctions.

The hard-line position that the Biden administration has taken feeds directly into the Israeli narrative.

What Blinken said matches perfectly with what Israeli officials have also recently claimed.

According to a recent assessment issued by Israel’s Militray Intelligence Directorate, “Iran may be up to two years away from making a nuclear weapon if it chooses to do so.”

The report further says that Iran’s current enrichment level brings it closer to various “breakout” estimates about how quickly it could enrich uranium to 90%, and also begin to build better missiles and a weapons system that might lead to a nuclear weapon.

For Israel, therefore, it is of utmost importance that the US remains focused on the “violations” that Iran has committed by enriching uranium beyond the limits imposed by the JCPOA.

A recent report of The Jerusalem Post thus sums Israel’s current approach.

It says, “What is important for Israel is that the brinkmanship continue, and that Iran’s violations and Israel’s concerns continue to be recognized.

For that to happen, it is also important for close US-Israel cooperation and discussion in order to prevent nuclear proliferation by the Tehran regime.”

The report refers to an IDF intelligence officer Maj.-Gen. Tamir Heiman who said in a briefing on the IDF assessment that Iran is at an unprecedented low point and is “battered, but on its feet,” following actions carried out by Israel and the US.

Tehran is banking on the Biden administration for some breathing room. It is incumbent on the US – and Israel – to make sure that is not allowed to happen for nothing.”

Now, the fact that the Biden administration has refused to take a step back and lift its sanctions to pave the way for the US’ re-entry shows how closely the US and Israel are already coordinating their policies vis-à-vis Iran.

The Biden administration’s announcement that the US would not re-join the agreement or even lift sanctions unless Iran halts enrichment dovetails perfectly with what Netanyahu had said just before the US elections.

To quote him, “There can be no going back to the previous nuclear agreement. We must stick to an uncompromising policy of ensuring that Iran will not develop nuclear weapons.”

The Biden’s administration’s capitulation to Israel’s uncompromising policy vis-à-vis Iran has led Iran to stick to its own path. An official Iranian statement released on February 28 said that:

“the way forward is quite clear. The US must end its illegal and unilateral sanctions and return to its JCPOA commitments.

This issue neither needs negotiation, nor a resolution by the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The Islamic Republic of Iran will respond to actions with action and just in the same way that it will return to its JCPOA commitments as sanctions are removed…”

The hardening of US and Iranian position serves Israeli interests in the best possible way. An unresolved nuclear power tussle in the Middle East would keep Israel at the centre stage of regional politics.

Given Israel’s recent rapprochement with the UAE and other Gulf states, tensions in the Gulf would not only reinforce Israel’s direct security ties with these Gulf states, but the scenario could very well make other Gulf states join The Abraham Accords.

Tensions with Iran, therefore, could allow Israel to establish itself as the new regional hegemon.

Israel has already got supporters in the form of not only the UAE but Saudi Arabia as well.

They have both stated that they would be open to a deal only if it went well beyond the previous one. According to them, any deal, in addition to putting limits on Iran’s nuclear program, must include provisions aimed at reversing Iran’s ballistic missile program, ending its “meddling” in other countries and the militias it supports in Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen and elsewhere.

Israel, as it stands, is already leading the Gulf states in lobbying the US for an agreement that not only limits Iran’s nuclear program, but also curtails its national power potential in many other ways.

As some reports in the US mainstream media show, the Mossad chief, Yossi Cohen, and a team of experts will soon travel to Washington to brief senior American officials about what they see as the threats still posed by Iran, hoping to persuade the US to hold out for harsher restrictions on Iran in any deal.

Iran, on the other hand, is unlikely to change its position vis-à-vis any new deal, especially the one that tends to force it into a virtual capitulation.

China and Russia continue to support an unconditional US return to the JCPOA in exchange for Iran’s return to full compliance with the deal.

An unconditional return “is the key to breaking the deadlock,” said Hua Chunying, a spokeswoman for China’s foreign ministry, in a recent news conference.

But “breaking the deadlock” is not what Israel and its allies in the Gulf are seeking to achieve.

They are pushing the US to adopt a policy that keeps the deadlock alive unless Iran’s power and regional influence can be fully and permanently curtailed.

For the Israelis, the path to Iran’s capitulation demands a US capitulation to Israel first so that they can shape the US policy in a way that best serves their interests. So far, the Israelis have been successful.

US denounces ICC probe in Palestinian territories. Why?

Sure US denounces ICC probe…US is just as guilty!

“ICC member countries should stand ready to fiercely protect the court’s work from any political pressure.”

The United States on Wednesday criticized the International Criminal Court for opening an investigation into alleged war crimes in the Palestinian territories and voiced support for Israel.

“We firmly oppose and are disappointed by the ICC prosecutor’s announcement of an investigation into the Palestinian situation,” State Department spokesman Ned Price told reporters.

“We will continue to uphold our strong commitment to Israel and its security including by opposing actions that seek to target Israel unfairly,” he said, noting that Israel does not accept the court’s jurisdiction.

Despite strong opposition from Israel and the United States, the outgoing ICC chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, announced that she was going ahead with a probe into the situation in the blockaded Gaza Strip as well as the Israeli-occupied West Bank.

No one is safe anywhere in Palestine, that means anyone including human rights groups, activists and tourists. ANY non Jew.

Zionist Occupation forces have a ‘shoot anything that moves policy in Palestine’ in and outside of epic attacks every few years, meaning streets, playgrounds, beeches etc

The website Walla! published talkback comments on an article about the four children killed on the Gaza beach.

Shani Moyal: “I couldn’t care less that Arab children were killed, too bad it wasn’t more. Well done to the IDF.”

Stav Sabah: “Really, these are great pictures. They make me so happy, I want to look at them again and again.”

Sharon Avishi: “Only four? Too bad. We hoped for more.”

Daniela Turgeman: “Great. We need to kill all the children.”

Chaya Hatnovich: “There isn’t a more beautiful picture than those of dead Arab children.”

Orna Peretz: “Why only four?”

Rachel Cohen: “I’m not for children dying in Gaza. I’m for everyone burning.”

Tami Mashan: “As many children as possible should die.”

Under previous president Donald Trump, the United States imposed sanctions on Bensouda after she separately decided to investigate alleged US war crimes in Afghanistan.

President Joe Biden has indicated a more cooperative approach with the court, seeing its value, but has yet to end the sanctions.

“We are committed to promoting accountability, respect for human rights and justice for victims of atrocities,” Price said.

“As much as we disagree with the ICC’s actions relating to the Palestinian situation and of course to Afghanistan,” Price said, “we are thoroughly reviewing sanctions.”

The US is just as guilty for aiding and abetting war criminals.

No amount of political propaganda from a weakened secretary of state, or tweeting by an outgoing, lame duck American president, will prevent the ICC from pursuing its duty to investigate the most heinous of crimes against humanity.

So what did Israel do in Gaza in 2014? During a seven-week military invasion, Israel’s military rampaged through the poverty-stricken civilian population, responding to provocations from Hamas.

More than 2,300 Palestinians were killed and nearly 11,000 were injured. The vast majority of the dead and injured were civilians.

Israel defended its actions by arguing that Hamas militants had used the civilians as “human shields.”

Israel justified its invasion by asserting that Hamas extremists were responsible for the murder of three Israeli teenagers, despite a lack of evidence.

Israel blamed all violence on Hamas and the Palestinians generally, rarely acknowledging its own violence or crimes.

With the backing of a biased mainstream news media, and millions of dollars set aside for public relations propaganda, Israel enforced its argument despite the reality of videos, photographs and eyewitness testimony that claimed Israeli soldiers intentionally killed civilians.

But the ICC isn’t swayed by Israel or by the rhetoric of politicians.

Its prosecutor’s report stated: “The Office found there was a reasonable basis to believe that members of the Israel Defense Forces committed the war crimes of: Intentionally launching disproportionate attacks in relation to at least three incidents which the Office has focused on; willful killing and willfully causing serious injury to body or health; and intentionally directing an attack against objects or persons using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions.”

The report added: “In addition, Office found there was a reasonable basis to believe that members of Hamas and Palestinian armed groups committed the war crimes of: Intentionally directing attacks against civilians and civilian objects; using protected persons as shields; willfully depriving protected persons of the rights of fair and regular trial; and willful killing and torture or inhuman treatment and/or outrages upon personal dignity.”

Each accusation is backed up by an article of the Rome Statute, which is the legal basis of the ICC’s existence and mandate.

Israel can bury its head in the sand, but it won’t be able to avoid prosecution, regardless of who sits in the White House.

No children’s playground in Palestine is safe

International Zionism and Satanism Are Indistinguishable

Appearing on Russia Today, Institute for Research on Middle Eastern Policy director Grant F. Smith said the Senate investigation focused around, “Looking into groups who brought $36 million dollars into the U.S. to plant stories in the U.S. media and promote Israeli foreign policy objectives in the United States,” adding that the documents from the investigation were extremely relevant “because they reveal a vast effort to divert U.S. attention from the Israeli Dimona nuclear weapons facility by saying it was merely a research center,” even as Israel now obsessively hypes the supposed threat of Iran’s nuclear facilities.

When the individuals responsible for the illegal program were outed, the activities of the group were merely transferred into the American-Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), noted Grant, which continues today as the foremost Israeli lobbying entity.

There are essentially three Zionist powerhouses in the world: Israel, the United States, and Saudi Arabia. Those powerhouses want to rule much of the world with an iron fist.

They have been meddling in covert activities and diabolical espionage for more than sixty years, and the Jamal Khashoggi murder is a recent manifestation of clandestine enterprises through the decades.

One can historically argue that covert activities are engrained in the Zionist powerhouses. By 1979, the Ayatollah Khomeini understood that idea very clearly precisely because it was already creating chaos in Iran and elsewhere in the Middle East.

Khomeini then had to attack that idea. He fleshed out a principle which continues to be true to this very day. Khomeini posited then:

“There is no crime America will not commit in order to maintain its political, economic, cultural, and military domination of those parts of the world where it predominates.

It exploits the oppressed people of the world by means of the large-scale propaganda campaigns that are coordinated for it by international Zionism.

“By means of its hidden and treacherous agents, it sucks the blood of the defenseless people as if it alone, together with its satellites, had the right to live in this world. Iran has tried to sever all its relations with this Great Satan and it is for this reason that it now finds wars imposed upon it.”[1]

“International Zionism” is an apt description of what was going on then.

The United States and England had already overthrown a democratically elected president in Iran by the name of Mossadegh in 1953,[2] and both countries were expanding aggressively in the Middle East to keep a diabolical empire alive and well.

By 1954, the CIA again overthrew a democratically elected official by the name of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala.[3]

The documents for this unfortunate coup are readily available at the National Security Archive.[4]

If one peel the ideological onion, then the logic becomes pretty clear: the United States has been in the business of overthrowing countries in the Middle East and elsewhere for a century.[5]

So it is no surprise to see that Trump is treading on the same diabolical path.

Going back to the Ayatollah Khomeini, he made an attempt to solve the “international Zionism” problem by appealing to Muslim unity.

But that again was another problem because countries like Saudi Arabia were already prostrating before “international Zionism.” As E. Michael Jones puts it,

“At the very moment he invoked Islamic unity, Khomeini was forced to concede that Islam was breaking up into two warring factions.

The grand climactic battle of the anti-Communist crusade disguised this split for decades, but now, as intra-Islamic wars raged in Yemen and Iraq, Khomeini showed himself more of a prophet than a politician who could bring about Islamic unity.

Either way, the Great Satan was exacerbating division as a means of achieving geo-political goals.”[6]

Khomeini obviously lit up a prophetic fire which again is still relevant today.

“International Zionism” is still sucking the blood of virtually every nation on earth through covert activities, espionage, and deceptive means. And by metaphysically rejecting the moral and political order and embracing chaos and destruction, international Zionism has essentially become Satanism.

Yemeni civilians living on bread crumbs.

This principle was articulated by St. Athanasius, who posited that any metaphysical idea which ontologically denies Logos and its central place in the universe will end up being Satanic.

In a Satanic universe, what is true is actually a lie and what is a lie is by definition true.

In fact, opposition to Logos “was deemed to involve an active allegiance to Satan.”[7]

An “active allegiance to Satan” means that innocent people have to die in order to preserve a wicked ideology.

If you doubt this, then take a look at what happened in Iraq in 2003, where the warmongers sent a six-trillion dollar bill to the American people.

In short, an “active allegiance to Satan” is the political ideology of the United States, Saudi Arabia, and indeed Israel, specifically when it comes to dealing with important issues in the Middle East.

The Jamal Khashoggi debacle again makes this very clear. The recent war in Yemen is another example.

The sad thing is that there are people out there who preposterously think that the murder of Khashoggi was a set up by a “a rogue group connected to Turkey, NATO and others” in order to embarrass both Saudi Arabia and the United States!

So in the Zionist world, everyone wants to get a piece of the pie. The only people who cannot get even a decent meal are the poor souls in Yemen, people who are now living on bread crumbs.[10]

U.S. stands by demand Iran return to nuclear deal before U.S. does

The insistence that the US will reenter the JCPOA only after Iran resumes full compliance has been met with disbelief in Tehran. It makes no sense for the government that violated all of its commitments to make demands of one of the governments that is still a party to the agreement, and by refusing to rejoin the agreement first Biden is jeopardizing the agreement’s survival for no good reason. And they are tacking on more bullshit for a ‘new’ deal. I’m sure ‘Israel’ helped with that.

The White House later issued a statement saying that Biden “affirmed his personal history of steadfast commitment to’ Israel’s security’ and conveyed his intent to strengthen all aspects of the U.S.-Israel partnership, including our strong defense cooperation.”

Listening to Blinken here,there are strings attached. He doesn’t even sound hopeful, because it’s bullshit.

The White House later issued a statement saying that Biden “affirmed his personal history of steadfast commitment to Israel’s security and conveyed his intent to strengthen all aspects of the U.S.-Israel partnership, including our strong defense cooperation.”

 

Iran Foreign Minister Tells Biden US ‘Violated’ Nuclear Deal, So It Is US ‘That Has to Return’

While U.S. President Joe Biden insisted Sunday that Tehran must halt its uranium enrichment program before the U.S. rejoins the Iran nuclear deal, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif countered that it was former President Donald Trump who abandoned the agreement and deprived Iranians of food and medicine—and therefore the onus is on Washington to bring the U.S. back into compliance with the pact by lifting all sanctions on Iran.

“The sooner the current administration returns to international obligations, the sooner it can start rebuilding its reputation across the globe.”
—Javad Zarif, Iranian Foreign Minister

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken has demanded that Tehran adhere to the terms of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) before the U.S. does. When asked by CBS anchor Norah O’Donnell on Sunday if the U.S. will “lift sanctions first in order to get back to the negotiating table,” Biden responded curtly: “No.” And White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki on Monday reiterated that “it’s really up to Iran to come back.”

But Zarif made the case that “it was the United States that left the deal [and] it was the United States that violated the deal” in 2018 when Trump withdrew from the agreement and imposed sanctions on Iran. “So it is for the United States to return to the deal to implement its obligations.”

“Iran never left the deal,” Zarif told CNN host Fareed Zakaria on Sunday. “Iran is in the deal. Iran has reduced some of its commitments, in line with the deal,” he said, referring to Iran’s decision to resume uranium enrichment—though well below levels required to develop nuclear weapons— after the U.S. breached the agreement by reinstating sanctions.

“The way to go back to full compliance, on the part of Iran, is for the United States, which has totally left the deal, to come back and implement its obligations,” Iran’s foreign minister added. “Now it’s clear, it’s a decision that President Biden and his advisers need to [m]ake. Whether they want to break with the failed policies of President Trump, or whether they want to build on his failures.”

“If they want to build on his failures” Zarif warned, “they will only get failure as a result.”

According to Zarif, Iran has “a statutory requirement to reduce the presence of U.N. inspectors… somewhere around February 21,” at which point “you will not see the additional protocol implemented in Iran,” a reference to Tehran’s plan to expel United Nations nuclear inspectors if the U.S. does not lift sanctions in the next two weeks.

When you withdraw from Syria because you say you want to bring the troops home but then assassinate an Iranian general while he’s abroad.

“That doesn’t mean the window [for diplomacy] is fully shut,” Zarif added, stressing that “if the United States and its partners return to the deal, return to full compliance, Iran will reverse its actions. All the actions we are taking are reversible.”

“But obviously,” Iran’s top diplomat noted, “it would be much simpler if the United States decided to make good on its commitments earlier rather than later. And it is good for the United States’ reputation because President Trump not only destroyed the reputation of the United States domestically but he destroyed the reputation of the United States internationally.”

Emphasizing that an “international agreement is not a revolving door” enabling one party “to simply come and go as they please,” Zarif said that “the United States must make it clear and must give guarantees to Iran and other members of the deal that the behavior of President Trump will not be repeated because the international community has suffered enough from the lawlessness of somebody who acts on a whim.”

Psaki on Monday claimed that “if Iran comes into full compliance with its obligations under the JCPOA, the United States will do the same, and then use that as a platform to build a larger and stronger agreement that also addresses other areas of concern.”

“The entire nuclear deal is non-negotiable because it was fully negotiated. We need to implement something that we negotiated.”
—Zarif

With respect to U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan’s previously stated desire to make negotiating limitations on Iran’s ballistic missile program a precondition for U.S. reentry into the deal, Zarif said that Sullivan, who was part of the Obama team that negotiated the JCPOA in 2015, “should know better.”

According to Zarif, “It was because of the United States’ inability to address its own military sales to our region, hundreds of billions of dollars of military sales… going to the countries that are committing genocide and war crimes in Yemen and elsewhere” that restricting Iran’s ballistic missile program was not on the negotiating table more than five years ago.

“We agreed on what to deal with and what not to deal with,” added Zarif. “The United States cannot base its policy on ‘what’s mine is mine and what’s yours is negotiable.'”

Stressing that “we do not buy the horse twice,” Zarif clarified that “the entire nuclear deal is non-negotiable because it was fully negotiated. We need to implement something that we negotiated.”

Iran’s foreign minister continued:

Put yourselves in our shoes. You agreed to a deal. You agreed to give and take. You agreed to sacrifice certain demands that you had because you agreed not to deal with certain issues…

We waited for five years. The United States did not implement the deal, but we did implement the deal. And we did fulfill our promises, and we are going to fulfill our promises again if the United States fulfills its promises…

We agreed on the JCPOA. The United States should start making good on its promises that it violated for four very, very long years for Iranians.

“The sooner… the current administration returns to… international obligations,” said Zarif, “the sooner it can start rebuilding its reputation across the globe.”

Regime Change 2021

WASHINGTON, DC – JANUARY 15: VA National Guard stands outside the razor wire fencing that surrounds the US Capitol on January 15, 2021 in Washington, DC. Up to 25,000 troops are expected by Inauguration Day.

realjewnews

Just when you thought communism would never come to America, it’s here.

Biden’s got a slew of Jews in key slots fixing a sprawling Soviet-style central planning board in place.

With Jewish control of US Treasury; Homeland Security; Department of Justice; the CIA; National Intelligence; the FCC; the US State Department; the Office of Science and Technology complete with a COVID Czar; a Jew as chief of staff, and a High Tech lawyer as Kamala’s ’significant other;’ communism as Lenin and Stalin would have it reaches peak perfection in America.

And with Treasury, the FED, and National Intelligence joined at the hip with the military, compliance to the Jewish central planners is just a gun barrel away.

The 25,000 troops in DC was simply a dry run.

A dress rehearsal by the National Guard, doing security theatre, was enacted to quash any future patriotic dissent and those nationalistic ‘Trump rallies.’

The military serves the Jews, not you.

[”+BN’s narration:” “An empty promenade with the Imposter child-sniffing pervert, Joe Biden; Hunter’s baby sitter, “Dr Jill;” the devil’s child Obama; RINO leftist facilitator, Republican Senator Roy Blunt; a resuscitated, Jewish-media-approved, Hunter Biden, and the traitor to the Republic, Mike Pence.”

[”Senator Klobuchar:” “It is now my great privilege and high honor to be the first person to officially introduce the 46 th president of the United States, Joseph R Biden Jr!”]

Where was the FBI and the Jew-Stream-Media when we needed them?

Why didn’t they condemn and prosecute Hunter Biden for carrying out and recording sexual assault on children?

Forget the laptop from hell.

Hunter’s been sanitized and now re-shelved on the media’s mantle as a crime-free inaugural son.

[”A cry for survival comes from the planet itself. A cry that can’t be any more desperate or any more clear. And now, a rise in political extremism, white supremacy, domestic terrorism, that we must confront and we will defeat.”]

Take away his planet babble, and calls for unity, Biden told the world that he hates over half the American people since Whites make up 60% of the population.

And by linking “white supremacy” to “political extremism,” Biden attacks any traditional view a white person takes.

The goal is to demoralize White Christian patriots—mostly of the hard-working Middle Class—hound them through intimidation tactics, and blackball them through cancel culture schemes, until their voices are silenced and their creativity is crushed.

The ’signs of silencing’ are in full display.

FBI billboards in Columbus, Orlando, Syracuse, Springfield, Fort Wayne; along with Posters, Placards, Public Notices, and at Bus Stops across America complete with “mug shots” of MAGA fans; the FBI—steered by Biden’s Bolshevist central planning board—puts “Trump’s deplorables” in its crosshairs.

The headlines, the scripts, the spiels, the screeds, and the ’sounds of silencing’ are ringing in our ears. [Clip]

[”The January 6th assault on the Capitol and the tragic deaths and destruction that occurred underscored what we have long known: The rise of domestic violent extremism is a serious and growing national security threat. The Biden administration will confront this threat with the necessary resources and resolve.”]

The key is “extremism” which is “WrongThink.”

Are you a Trump supporter, with conservative, traditional, Christian views?

You’re an enemy of Biden’s centralized Jewish regime.

“DE” means you, a “domestic extremist.”

While Antifa and BLM get a free pass. [Clip]

[”Our initial work on DE falls into three areas: The first is the tasking from President Biden sent to the DNI today, requesting a comprehensive threat assessment coordinated with the FBI and DHS on domestic violent extremism. This assessment will draw on the analysis from across the government, and as appropriate, non-governmental organizations.”]

These “non-governmental organizations”—”NGO’s”—will doubtless be the Jewish witch hunters of the Anti-Defamation League, and of the SPLC, both groups known for their hatred of the White Christian race.

These free-speech-hating Jews will define “extremism” as any belief system that calls homosexuality a sin, abortion a crime, and transgenderism an assault on God’s creational design.

A Jewish reign of terror will come crashing down on Christians who hold all goodness, righteousness, and virtue, as dear.

China is not the threat.

The enemy is within—Biden’s slew of Jews—who, like termites, are eating away at the foundations of America.

Who can oppose this menace?

The Republican Party?

The threat is not from the left, but from complacent and complicit Republicans, who participate with the Democrats, and its partner, the Jew-owned media. [Clip]

[”We want to go now to Missouri Republican Senator Roy Blunt, he is the head of the congressional committee overseeing the inauguration and the outgoing chairman of one of the two committees investigating what went wrong with security last Wednesday. Good morning to you, Senator.” “Good morning, Margaret.” Your fellow Republicans have been quite critical, including Liz Cheney, including Mitt Romney, who called this an insurrection and said that the president was directly involved. Justice Department affidavits have individuals saying they came here because the president told him, them to. Is the president a danger to the country?” “Well, I think the president’s decisions and his actions that day and leading up to that day on this topic were clearly reckless. I said that very early in the evening on Wednesday that this was a tragic day for the, the country and the president had some, had involvement in that.”]

Just like the useless RINO McConnell, Blunt blames Trump and NOT the fraudulent election.

We need a new conservative party—call it the “Patriot Party”—that separates from the Jewish Zionist agenda, so as strangle the Republican Party even if the Democrats get the upper hand for 8 years.

“Let your enemy grow strong then cut him down,” the ancient sages say.

A new political party representing 74 million Trump supporters whose base would spread from counties to states can bring a nation under God to fruition.

A new political party will work, especially as we transition into secession.

US shows off nuclear-capable B-52 bombers on Iran’s doorstep

The US Air Force has published footage of its B-52 Stratofortress nuclear-capable bombers flying over the Persian Gulf in what was described as a mission showcasing America’s “global reach capability.”

The mission that saw B-52s flying non-stop from the Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana was conducted on Wednesday, just a week after President Joe Biden’s inauguration. During their flyover of the Gulf, the American bombers were accompanied by US Navy and US Marines’ fighters as well as Saudi Air Force jets.

A video released by the US Army Central Command on Saturday shows at least two bombers in the skies of the Middle East accompanied by a total of four American and Saudi fighter jets.

The “defensive” mission was aimed at “strengthening partnerships” and demonstrating the US military’s ability to “deploy airpower anywhere in the world to deter potential aggression,” the US Air Forces Central said in a series of Twitter posts.

The US military did not explicitly mention Iran in its statements but some media still said it might have been a signal to the Islamic Republic amid ongoing tensions between Washington and Tehran.

Relations between the two nations became increasingly hostile under Biden’s predecessor, Donald Trump.

Under the Trump administration, the US unilaterally withdrew from the 2015 Iranian nuclear deal and reimposed all previously lifted sanctions against Iran as well as introduced new ones, vowing to bring Iranian oil exports to “zero.”

In January 2020, the US assassinated a high-ranking Iranian General Qassem Soleimani in a targeted drone strike during his visit to Iraq, further leading to a spike in tensions between Washington and Tehran.

The Biden administration has so far demonstrated a more reserved attitude toward Tehran and repeatedly signaled the US’ intention to return to the nuclear deal.

However, the Wednesday flight also showed that Washington apparently is not ready to abandon such demonstrations of force when it comes to its adversaries, particularly in the Middle East.

Earlier, Tehran urged Biden to return to the deal and lift all sanctions imposed during Trump’s time in office, adding that only after that would it return to its own commitments under the agreement related to the uranium-enrichment levels and the limits on the stock of enriched uranium Iran can possess.

Also on rt.com Tehran says Biden administration must remove crippling sanctions if they want Iran to cut enhanced enrichment program

Castro’s Last Laugh on Imperialism

Fidel Castro died on Nov. 25, 2016. The last laugh on Imperialists in Cuba, whether Castro was in on it or not.

Published: Feb 2, 2021

Mystery illness suffered by US diplomats in Cuba was most likely caused by directed microwave radiation, a US government report has found.

The report by the National Academies of Sciences does not attribute blame for the directed energy waves.

But it said research into the effects of pulsed radio frequency energy was carried out by the Soviet Union more than 50 years ago.

The illnesses first affected people at the US embassy in Havana in 2016-17.

Staff and some of their relatives complained of symptoms ranging from dizziness, loss of balance, hearing loss, anxiety and something they described as “cognitive fog”. It became known as “Havana syndrome”.

TIL that the famous head explosion gif, that came from the 1981 movie  Scanners, was made by shooting a gelatin cast of Louie Del Grande filled  with latex scraps and leftover burgers

The US accused Cuba of carrying out “sonic attacks”, which it strongly denied, and the incident led to increased tension between the two nations.

A 2019 US academic study found “brain abnormalities” in the diplomats who had fallen ill, but Cuba dismissed the report.

Canada also cut its embassy staff in Cuba after at least 14 of its citizens reported similar symptoms.

The latest study was carried out by a team of medical and scientific experts who examined the symptoms of about 40 government employees.

Many have suffered longstanding and debilitating effects, the report said.

“The committee felt that many of the distinctive and acute signs, symptoms and observations reported by (government) employees are consistent with the effects of directed, pulsed radio frequency (RF) energy,” the report reads.

“Studies published in the open literature more than a half-century ago and over the subsequent decades by Western and Soviet sources provide circumstantial support for this possible mechanism.”

People apply for visas at the US consulate in Guangzhou, Chinaimage copyrightGetty Images
image captionStaff at the US consulate in Guangzhou, China, also reported strange symptoms

It noted there had been “significant research in Russia/USSR into the effects of pulsed, rather than continuous wave [radio frequency] exposures”. It said that military personnel in “Eurasian communist countries” had been exposed to non-thermal radiation.

Cuba was not the only posting where US diplomats have reported the unusual symptoms.

In 2018, the US removed several officials from China after employees working in the southern city of Guangzhou reported “subtle and vague, but abnormal, sensations of sound and pressure”. One US official was diagnosed with mild brain trauma.

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